Nesophontes micrus G. M. Allen, 1917:5

Western Cuban nesophontes, West Cuban nesophont, West Cuban island shrew



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Nesophontes superstes Fischer, 1977; Nesophontes submicrus Arredondo, 1970; Nesophontes longirostris Anthony, 1919; Nesophontes paramicrus Miller, 1929; Nesophontes major Arredondo, 1970


Conservation Status


IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Cuba (including Isle of Pines) and Hispaniola


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1917). New fossil mammals of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 61: 3-12.


Other references:

Allen, Glover Morrill. (1918). Fossil mammals from Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 62: 133-148.

Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2016). Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family. Molecular Biology and Evolution. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw186 [Abstract]

CaNDIS FERNANDEZ, M.M., JIMÉNEZ VAzQUEZ, O. & AHREDONDO, C. 2005. Revisión taxonómica del género Nesophontes (Insectivora: Nesophontidae) en Cuba. Anàlisis de los caracteres diagnósticos. In: ALcoVEr, JA & BOVER, P. (eds.): Proceedings ofthe International Symposium "Insular Vertebrate Evolution: the Palaeontological Approach': Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears, 12: 95-100.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gould, Stephen Jay and Garwood, Robert A. (1969). Levels of integration in Mammalian dentitions: an analysis of correlations in Nesophontes micrus (Insectivora) and Oryzomys couesi (Rodentia). Evolution 23(2): 276-300. [First page preview]

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Lopatin, A. V. (2021a). Dental Replacement in Nesophontidae (Lipotyphla, Mammalia) from the Pleistocene of Cuba. Doklady Biological Sciences 497: 45-50. [Abstract]

Lopatin, A. V. (2021b). Dentition Anomalies in Nesophontidae (Lipotyphla, Mammalia) from the Pleistocene of Cuba. Doklady Biological Sciences 497: 51-55. [Abstract]

MacPhee, R. D. E., Flemming, Clare and Lunde, D. P. (1999). "Last Occurrence" of the Antillean Insectivoran Nesophontes: New Radiometric Dates and Their Interpretation. American Museum Novitates 3261: 20 pp., 7 figures, 6 tables.

McDowell, Samuel Booker Jnr. (1958). The Greater Antillean Insectivores. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 115(3): 113-214, figures 1-46, tables 1, 2.

Orihuela, Johanset et al. (2020). Late Holocene land vertebrate fauna from Cueva de los Nesofontes, Western Cuba: stratigraphy, last appearance dates, diversity and paleoecology. bioRxiv preprint. doi:

Turvey, Samuel T. (2010). Evolution of non-homologous venom delivery systems in West Indian insectivores? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30: 1294-1299.

Turvey, S. and Helgen, K. (2008). Nesophontes micrus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 15 August 2013.

Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K. 2017. Nesophontes micrus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T14673A22281612. Downloaded on 26 June 2021.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. 2005. Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.


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