Nesophontes hemicingulus Morgan et al., 2019

Cayman nesophont(es) (proposed)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Nesophontes sp. nov. A (Turvey, 2009:47); Nesophontes sp. nov. B (Turvey, 2009:47); Nesophontes sp. 1 (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:395); Nesophontes sp. 2 (Borroto-Páez et al., 2012:395)


Conservation Status


Last record: subfossil



Cayman Brac & Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Morgan, Gary S., MacPhee, Ross D. E., Woods, Roseina and Turvey, Samuel T. (2019). Late Quaternary fossil mammals from the Cayman Islands, West Indies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 428: 79 pp., 24 figures, 8 tables.


Other references:

Asher, R.J. 2005 Insectivoran-grade placentals. In The rise of placental mammals: origins and relationships of the major extant clades (ed. K.D. Rose & J.D. Archibald), pp. 50–70. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2016). Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family. Molecular Biology and Evolution. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw186 [Abstract]

McDowell, Samuel Booker Jnr. (1958). The Greater Antillean Insectivores. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 115(3): 113-214, figures 1-46, tables 1, 2.

Morgan, G. S. (1994). Late Quaternary fossil vertebrates from the Cayman Islands, pp. 465-508. In: Brunt, M. A. and Davies, J. E. (eds.). The Cayman Islands: Natural History and Biogeography. Boston: Kluwer Academic.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2010). Evolution of non-homologous venom delivery systems in West Indian insectivores? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30: 1294-1299.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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