Nesophontes edithae Anthony, 1916:725

Puerto Rican nesophontes, Puerto Rican nesophont, Edith's island-shrew, Edith's nesophont, Puerto Rican shrew



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: after 1500 AD

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Puerto Rico


Biology & Ecology




UPRMP 2987

UPRMP 3077






Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2016). Evolutionary history of the Nesophontidae, the last unplaced Recent mammal family. Molecular Biology and Evolution. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw186 [Abstract]

Choate, Jerry R. and Birney, Elmer C. (1968). Sub-Recent Insectivora and Chiroptera from Puerto Rico, with the Description of a New Bat of the Genus Stenoderma. Journal of Mammalogy 49(3): 400-412. [Abstract]

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

McDowell, Samuel Booker Jnr. (1958). The Greater Antillean Insectivores. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 115(3): 113-214, figures 1-46, tables 1, 2.

McFarlane, D. A. (1999a). A note on dimorphism in Nesophontes edithae (Mammalia: Insectivora), an extinct island-shrew from Puerto Rico. Carribean Journal of Science 35: 142-143.

McFarlane, D. A. (1999b). Late Quaternary Fossil Mammals and Last Occurrence dates from Caves at Barahona, Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 35(3): 238-248.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2010). Evolution of non-homologous venom delivery systems in West Indian insectivores? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30: 1294-1299.

Turvey, S. T., Oliver, J. R., Narganes Storde, Y. M. and Rye, P. (2007). Late Holocene extinction of Puerto Rican native land mammals. Biology Letters 3(2): 193-196.

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. (2008). Nesophontes edithae. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 17 October 2011.

Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K. 2017. Nesophontes edithae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T41313A22281466. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Vélez-Juarbe, Jorge and Miller, Thomas E. (2007). First Report of a Quaternary Crocodylian from a Cave Deposit in Northern Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 43(2): 273-277. [a report of N. edithae from northern Puerto Rico]

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.


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