Thyreophora cynophila Panzer, 1798)

Bone skipper



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Musca cynophila Panzer, 1798


Conservation Status

Last record: 1850?

Rediscovered in 2009



Europe (including Spain)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Panzer, G. W. F. (1798). Favnae Insectorvm Germanicae Initia oder Devtschlands Insecten, Heft 54, 24 pls. Nurnberg [ ¨ = Nuremberg].


Other references:

Azémar, F., Cazaban, F. and Pelozuelo, L. (2020). Breaking the silence: how shedding light on the bone-skipper fly Thyreophora cynophila (Diptera: Piophilidae) demonstrated it still has a large distribution area in the Pyrenees mountains, France. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e54868.

Beaumont, Clément et al. (2023). Observation of the elusive bone-skipper fly Centrophlebomyia furcata (Fabricius, 1794) at least 128 years after its last record in France, and additional data on Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1794) in France (Diptera: Piophilidae). Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.).

Carles-Tolrá, M. (2011). Primera cita de Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer) sobre cadáveres de aves (Diptera: Piophilidae: Thyreophorina). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa, 49: 355−356.

Carles-Tolrá, M. and Cañete, Saiz F. J. (2012). Primera cita de Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer) para la provincia de Cuenca (España) (Diptera: Piophilidae: Thyreophorina). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 50: 254.

Carles-Tolrá, M., Compaired, F. and Vlasco, J. (2011). Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer), Centrophlebomyia furcata (fabricius) and other dipterans associated to winter carcasses (Insecta: Diptera). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 48: 217-220.

Miguel Carles-Tolrá, Pablo C. Rodríguez and Julio Verdú (2010). Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1794): collected in Spain 160 years after it was thought to be extinct (Diptera: Piophilidae: Thyreophorini). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 46: 1-7.

Fontaine, B., Bouchet, P., Van Achterberg, K., Alonso-Zarazaga, M.A., Araujo, R., Asche, M., Aspöck, U. Audisio, P., Aukema, B., Bailly, N., Balsamo, M., Bank, R.A., Barnard, P., Belfiore, C., Bogdanowicz, W., Bongers, T., Boxshall, G., Burckhardt, D., Camicas, J.-L., Chylarecki, P., Crucitti, P., Deharveng,L., Dubois, A., Enghoff, H., Faubel, A., Fochetti, R., Gargominy, O., Gibson, D., Gibson, R., Soledad Gómez López, M., Goujet, D., Harvey, M.S., Heller, K.-G., Van Helsdingen, P., Hoch, H., De Jong, H., De Jong, Y., Karsholt, O., Los, W., Lundqvist, L., Magowski, W., Manconi, R., Martens, J. Massard, J.A., Massard-Geimer, G., Mcinnes, S.J., Mendes, L.F., Mey, E., Michelsen, V., Minelli, A., Nielsen, C., Nieto Nafría, J.M., Van Nieukerken, E.J., Noyes, J., Pape, T., Pohl, H., De Prins, W., Ramos, M., Ricci, C., Roselaar, C., Rota, E., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Segers, H., Zur Strassen, R., Szeptycki, A., Thibaud, J.-M., Thomas, A., Timm, T., Van Tol, J., Vervoort, W. and Willmann, R. (2007). The European Union’s 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus. Biological Conservation 139(1-2): 167-185.

Freidberg, Amnon. (1981). Taxonomy, natural history and immature stages of the bone-skipper, Centrophlebomyia furcata (Fabricius) (Diptera: Piophilidae, Thyreophorina). Entomologica Scandinavica 12(3): 320-326. [Abstract]

Larquier, Corentin et al. (2023). Presence of the European bone-skipper fly Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) (Diptera: Piophilidae) larvae in the cerebral cavity of large mammals and report of different insect larvae living inside mammal bones. Annales de la Société entomologique de France.

Martín-Vega, Daniel and Baz, Arturo. (2011). Could the “vulture restaurants” be a lifeboat for the recently rediscovered bone-skippers (Diptera, Piophilidae). Journal of Insect Conservation 15(5): 747-753. [Abstract]

Martín-Vega, Daniel and Baz, Arturo. (2014). Comparative larval morphology of the European bone-skippers, Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) and Centrophlebomyia furcata (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Piophilidae), with notes on their coexistence and natural history. Journal of Natural History 48(5-6): 285-299. [Abstract]

Daniel Martín-Vega, Arturo Beza and Verner Michelsen (2010). Back from the dead: Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) (Diptera: Piophilidae) ‘globally extinct’ fugitive in Spain". Systematic Entomology 35(4): 607-613. [Abstract]

Mei, Maurizio, Whitmore, Daniel, Giudice, Giuseppe Lo and Cerretti, Pierfilippo. (2013). A neotype designation for the bone-skipper Centrophlebomyia anthropophaga (Diptera, Piophilidae, Thyreophorina), with a review of the Palaearctic species of Centrophlebomyia. ZooKeys 310: 7-28. [automatic download]

Robineau-Desvoidy, J. B. (1842). Note sur le Thyreophora cynophila. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 10 (1841): 273.

Zaldivar Ezquerro C, Rodrìguez PC, Gòmez Vargas J. (2011). Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) (Diptera: Piophilidae: Thyreophorini): distribution area in La Rioja (Spain). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 48: 403-405.


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