Thismia kobensis Suetsugu (2018:121)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 10 June 1992 (Suetsugu et al., 2018)

Since rediscovered (Suetsugu et al., 2023)


This species was only known from a single specimen, and its entire known habitat was destroyed in 1999 (Suetsugu et al., 2018) leading to the belief that it was extinct. But it was rediscovered 30km away (Suetsugu et al., 2023).



Kobe, Hyōgo Prefecture, Honshū, Japan


Biology & Ecology







Above: the holotype of Thismia kobensis on the day it was collected (10 June 1992). Published in the original scientific description (Suetsugu et al., 2018). Source: Wikimedia Commons.



Original scientific description:

Suetsugu, Kenji, Nakanishi, Osamu, Kobayashi, Tomiki and Kurosaki, Nobuhira. (2018). Thismia kobensis (Burmanniaceae), a new and presumably extinct species from Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Phytotaxa 369(2): 121-125.


Other references:

Garrett, Natalie, Viruel, Juan, Klimpert, Nathaniel, Gomez, Marybel Soto, Lam, Vivienne K. Y., Merckx, Vincent S. F. T. and Graham, Sean W. (2023). Plastid phylogenomics and molecular evolution of Thismiaceae (Dioscoreales). American Journal of Botany 110(4): e16141.

Merckx, Vincent, Schols, Peter, Kamer, Hiltje Maas-van de, Maas, Paul, Huysmans, Suzy and Smets, Erik. (2006). Phylogeny and evolution of Burmanniaceae (Dioscoreales) based on nuclear and mitochondrial data. American Journal of Botany 93(11): 1684-1698.

Suetsugu, Kenji, Yamana, Kohei and Okada, Hidehito. (2023). Rediscovery of the presumably extinct fairy lantern Thismia kobensis (Thismiaceae) in Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, with discussions on its taxonomy, evolutionary history, and conservation. Phytotaxa 585(2): 102-112.


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