Anomalopteryx didiformis Owen, 1844

Little bush moa, Little scrub moa

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dinornis parvus Owen, 1883; Anomalopteryx oweni Oliver, 1949

 

Conservation Status

Last record: Holocene

 

Distribution

New Zealand

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Anderson, A. (1989). Prodigious Birds. Moas and Moa-Hunting in New Zealand. Cambridge University Press. 238 pp.

Anonymous. (2008). Australian pursues moa in Urewera Ranges. The New Zealand Herald, 9 January (Wednesday), available online: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10485889

Atkinson, I. A. E. and Greenwood, R. M. (1989). Relationships between moas and plants. NZ J. Ecol. 12: 67-96.

Attard, M. R. G., Wilson, L. A. B., Worthy, T. H., Scofield, P., Johnston, P., Parr, W. C. H. and Wroe, S. (2016). Moa diet fits the bill: virtual reconstruction incorporating mummified remains and prediction of biomechanical performance in avian giants. Proc. R. Soc. B 283: 20152043.

Baker, Allan J. et al. (2005). Reconstructing the tempo and mode of evolution in an extinct clade of birds with ancient DNA: The giant moas of New Zealand. PNAS 102(23): 8257-8262.

Barrington, Mike. (2008). Maybe the moa survived. The Northern Advocate, 12 June (Thursday), available online: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/northern-advocate/news/article.cfm?c_id=1503450&objectid=10970903

Boev, Zlatozar. (2018). A specimen of little bush moa Anomalopteryx didiformis (Owen, 1844), Emeidae Bonaparte, 1854 from the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia. Historia naturalis bulgarica 32: 3-5.

Cloutier, Alison, Sackton, Timothy B., Grayson, Phil, Edwards, Scott V. and Baker, Allan J. (2018). First nuclear genome assembly of an extinct moa species, the little bush moa (Anomalopteryx didiformis). bioRxiv preprint. https://doi.org/10.1101/262816

Forrest, R. M. (1987). A partially mummified skeleton of Anomalopteryx didiformis from Southland. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17: 399-408.

Göhlich, Ursula B. (2017). Catalogue of the fossil bird holdings of the Bavarian State Collection of Palaeontology and Geology in Munich. Zitteliana 89: 331-349.

Hartree, W. H., Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1999). A preliminary report on the nesting habits of moas on the East Coast of the North Island. Notornis 46(4): 457-460.

Holdaway, Richard N., Worthy, Trevor H. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2001). A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Huynen L, Gill BJ, Doyle A, Millar CD, Lambert DM. (2014). Identification, Classification, and Growth of Moa Chicks (Aves: Dinornithiformes) from the Genus Euryapteryx. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99929.

Laing, Doug. (2008a). Birdman says moa surviving in the Bay. Hawke's Bay Today, 5 January (Saturday), available online: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/hawkes-bay-today/news/article.cfm?c_id=1503462&objectid=10965106

Laing, Doug. (2008b). First it was moa, now it's emus. Hawke's Bay Today, 8 January (Tuesday), available online: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/hawkes-bay-today/news/article.cfm?c_id=1503462&objectid=10965178

McCallum, J., Hall, S., Lissone, I., Anderson, J., Huynen, L. and Lambert, D. M. (2013). Highly Informative Ancient DNA ‘Snippets’ for New Zealand Moa. PLoS ONE 8(1): e50732.

Medway, David G. (1971). Sub-fossil avian remains from the Awakino - Mahoenui area. Notornis 18(3): 218-219.

Millener, P. R. (1982). And then there were twelve: the taxonomic status of Anomalopteryx oweni. Notornis 29(3): 165-170.

Oskam, Charlotte L. et al. (2010). Fossil avian eggshell preserves ancient DNA. Proc. R. Soc. B DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.2019

Oskam, Charlotte L. et al. (2012). Ancient DNA analyses of early archaeological sites in New Zealand reveal extreme exploitation of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) at all life stages. Quaternary Science Reviews 52: 41-48. [Abstract]

Owen, Richard. (1883). On  Dinornis (Part XXIII): containing a description of the skeleton of Dinornis parvus, Owen. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 11: 233–256.

Rawlence, N. J., Wood, J. R., Scofield, R. P., Fraser, C. and Tennyson, Alan J. D. (2012). Soft-tissue specimens from pre-European extinct birds of New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand iFirst 2012: 1-28.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Seersholm, Frederik V. et al. (2018). Subsistence practices, past biodiversity, and anthropogenic impacts revealed by New Zealand-wide ancient DNA survey. PNAS. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1803573115 [Supplementary information]

Williams, P. (1980). Metro cave. A survey of scientific and scenic resources. Report to N.Z. Forest Service.

Wilson, G. (1969). Some avian remains—South Island. New Zealand Speleological Bulletin 4(69): 251-254.

Wood, Jamie R., Vermeulen, Melanie J. et al. (2021). Mid-Holocene coprolites from southern New Zealand provide new insights into the diet and ecology of the extinct little bush moa (Anomalopteryx didiformis). Quaternary Science Reviews 263: 106992. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106992 [Abstract]

Wood, Jamie R., Wilmshurst, J. M., Rawlence, N. J., Bonner, K. I., Worthy, Trevor H. et al. (2013). A Megafauna’s Microfauna: Gastrointestinal Parasites of New Zealand’s Extinct Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). PLoS ONE 8(2): e57315.

Wood, J. R., Wilmshurst, J. M., Worthy, T. H. and Cooper, A. (2012). First coprolite evidence for the diet of Anomalopteryx didiformis, an extinct forest ratite from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36(2): 164-170.

Wood, J. R., Janet M. Wilmshurst, Sarah J. Richardson, Nicolas J. Rawlence, Steven J. Wagstaff, Trevor H. Worthy and Alan Cooper. (2013). Resolving lost herbivore community structure usingcoprolites of four sympatric moa species (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(42): 16910-16915.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1990). An analysis of the distribution and relative abundance of moa species (Aves: Dinornithiformes). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 17: 213-241.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1991). An overview of the taxonomy, fossil history, biology and extinction of moas. [i]Proceedings of the Twentieth International Ornithologists Congress, Symposium[/i] 6: 555-562.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1993). Fossils of Honeycomb Hill. Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. 56 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1994). Late Quaternary changes in the moa fauna (Aves; Dinornithiformes) on the West Coast of the South Island, New Zealand. Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 27(2): 125-134.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1993). Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in the Punakaiki area, West Coast, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 23(3): 147-254.

Worthy, T. H. and Holdaway, R. N. (1994). Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in Takaka Valley and on Takaka Hill, northwest Nelson, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 24(3): 297-391.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2000). Terrestrial fossil vertebrate faunas from inland Hawke's Bay, North Island, New Zealand. Part 1. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 89-154.

Worthy TH, Holdaway RH. (2002). Prehistoric life of New Zealand. The lost world of the Moa. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11114912

https://www.nzherald.co.nz/northern-advocate/news/article.cfm?c_id=1503450&objectid=11127867

 

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