Labidura herculeana Fabricius, 1798

St. Helena Giant earwig, Saint Helena Giant earwig



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Labidura loveridgei Zeuner, 1962; Labidura riparia herculeana Fabricius, 1798


Conservation Status


Last record: 1967

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



St. Helena






A total of 40 specimens were collected between 1965 and 1967, when the last confirmed Labidura herculena was recorded (presumably the last individual of those 40 specimens collected)

For photos of the St. Helena Giant Earwing see here: and here:






Original scientific description:

Fabricius, J. C. (1798). Supplementum entomologiae systematicae. - pp. [1-3], 1-572. Hafniae. (Proft & Storch).


Other references:

Albouy, V. and Caussanel, C. (1990). Dermaptères ou Perce-oreilles [Dermaptera or earwigs]. Faune de France, 75: 245 pp.

America, S. (1999). 15: St Helena. Biodiversity: the UK Overseas Territories, 101.

Anderson, Robert S. et al. (2002). Insects and Spiders of the World, volume 4. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish. 259 pp. [Google Preview]

Ashmole, Philip and Ashmole, Myrtle. (2000). St. Helena and Ascension Island: a natural history. Nelson, Oswestry, 492 pp.

Ashmole, Philip, and, Ashmole, Myrtle. (2004a). The invertebrates of Prosperous Bay Plain, St Helena: A survey, by Philip and Myrtle Ashmole, September – December 2003. Commissioned by the St Helena Government and financed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Peebles, Scotland: Kidston Mill.

Ashmole, Philip, and, Ashmole, Myrtle. (2004b). Guide to Invertebrates of Prosperous Bay Plain, St Helena and Illustrated account of species found on the Eastern Arid Area (EAA), including Prosperous Bay Plain, Holdfast Tom and Horse Point Plain. Peebles, Scotland: Kidston Mill. 92 pp. [automatic download]

Brindle, A. (1970). Dermaptera. In: Basilewsky, P. (Ed.). La faune terrestre de l'île de Sainte-Hélène. Première partie. Annales du Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Zoologie. 181: 211-227.

Brindle, A. (1981). The types of Dermaptera described by Fabricius. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 93(1): 14-16.

Burr, M. (1911). Dermaptera. Genera Insectorum, 122: 112 pp.

Haas, Fabian. (2006). The Giant Earwig of St. Helena - The Dodo of the Dermaptera. Published online:

Kirby, W. F. (1904). A synonymic catalogue of Orthoptera. London: Taylor & Francis.

Leleup, N. (1970). La faune terrestre de l‘ile de Sainte-Helene (Première partie). 1. - Geographie et Climatologie. Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale Tervuren, Series no 8, Sciences Zoologiques, 181: 8-73.

Pryce, David. (2019). David Pryce Invertebrate Surveys: Prosperous Bay Plain Invertebrate Survey 2018-19. Unpublished report.

Pryce, D. and White, L. (2014). Labidura herculeana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 25 November 2014.

Pryce, D. & White, L. 2014. Labidura herculeana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T11073A21425735. Accessed on 01 July 2022.

Steinmann, H. (1989). Dermaptera: Catadermaptera II. Das Tierreich, 105: 505 pp.

Zeuner, F. E. (1962). A subfossil giant Dermapteron from St. Helena. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 138(4): 651-653. [Abstract]


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