Coua delalandei Temminck, 1827

Delalande’s coua, Snail-eating coua, Delande's Madagascar coucal, Delande's coucal



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Coccycus delalandei Temminck, 1827 [original combination]


Conservation Status


Last record: 1834 (specimen) (Collar & Stuart, 1985); 1930's (unconfirmed reports) (Johnson & Stattersfield, 1990)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Reports of the persistence of this species into the 1930's are considered flawed (WCMC, 1992).



Ile Sainte Marie (=Nosy Boraha), Madagascar


Biology & Ecology




13 preserved specimens are known (BirdLife International, 2016).

[url=]RMNH 110.100[/url]


However, a fourteenth specimen in the St Petersburg Zoological Museum was recently discovered (Smirnov, 2016).






Original scientific description:

Temminck, Coenraad Jacob (1827): [description of Coua delalandei]. In: Nouveau recueil de planches coloriees d'oiseaux, etc. 74: plate 440. Strasbourg & Amsterdam.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Coua delalandei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22684143A38661230. Downloaded on 18 September 2016.

BirdLife International. 2016. Coua delalandei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22684143A93016420. Accessed on 18 June 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J.; Crosby, M. J.; Stattersfield, A. J. 1994. Birds to watch 2: the world list of threatened birds. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation, and International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, U.K.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Goodman, S. M. (1993). A reconnaissance of Ile Sainte Marie, Madagascar: the status of the forest, avifauna, lemurs and fruit  bats. Biol. Conservation 65(3): 205-212. [Abstract]

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Johnson, T. H. and Stattersfield, A. J. (1990). A global review of island endemic birds. Ibis 132(2): 167-180. [Abstract]

Jouanin, Christian. (1962). Inventaire des oiseaux éteints ou en voie d’extinction conservés au Muséum de Paris. Terre et Vie 109: 275-301.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 168]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Smirnov, P. A. (2016). The Snail-eating Coua [i]Coua delalandei[/i]: unexpected discovery of an extinct bird species specimen in the ornithological collection of a Russian museum. Journal? 2016: 148-151.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Voison, Claire and Voisin, Jean-François. (1991). Un spécimen méconnu de Coua de Delalande Coua delalandei (Temminck). L’Oiseau et R.F.O. 61: 341-342.

WCMC. (1992). Global diversity. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK.


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