Artemia gracilis Verrill, 1869

Woodentub brine shrimp, New England brine shrimp



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1869


A specimen apparently attributed to Artemia gracilis by Addison Emery Verrill, which was collected by S. C. Ball on Laysan Island, Hawaii in April 1923 is in the Peabody Museum collection, and bears the accession number "YPM IZCR 006421" ([[url=]Source[/url]]).



Connecticut (including West Haven bridge, New Haven County) & Utah, USA


Biology & Ecology





YPM IZCR 000396 (collected in 1869)
YPM IZCR 000397 (collected in 1869)


Other specimens:

MCZ Invertebrate Zoology 45208 (female, at least 1 individual stored in 70% ethanol)
MCZ Invertebrate Zoology 45211 (female, at least 1 individual stored in 70% ethanol)






Original scientific description:

Verrill, Addison Emery. (1869). Contributions to zoology from the museum of Yale College. III. Descriptions of some new American phyllopod Crustacea. Am. J. Sci. Arts Ser. 2: 244-254.


Other references:

Coates, J. A., Ellis, C. H. and Schwab, R. L. (1957). Brine shrimp nauplii, [Artemia gracilis], as food for juvenile pink salmon. Fish. Res. Pap. Wash. Dept. Fish. 2(1): 67-72.

Jensen, Albert C. (1918). Some observations on Artemia gracilis, the brine shrimp of Great Salt Lake. The Biological Bulletin 34(1): 18-32.

Relyea, Gladys M. (1937). The Brine Shrimp of Great Salt Lake. The American Naturalist 71(737): 612-616. [Abstract]


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