Xanthocalanus gracilis Wolfenden, 1911



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Antarctica (incl. Lützow-Holm Bay & Ross Ice Shelf)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Wolfenden, N. R. (1911). Die marinen Copepoden der Deutschen Südpolar Expedition, 1901—1902. II. Die pelagischen Copepoden der Westwinddrif und des südlichen Eismeers mit Bescreibung mererer Arten aus dem Atlantischen Ozean, Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition, 12, Zoology 4: 181-380.


Other references:

Bradford, J. M., Haakonssen, L. and Jillett, J. B. (1983). The marine fauna of New Zealand: pelagic calanoid copepods: families Euchaetidae, Phaennidae, Scolecithricidae, Diaixidae, and Tharybidae. Mem. N.Z. oceanogr. Inst., 90: 1-150.

Bradford-Grieve, Janet M. (2004). Deep-sea benthopelagic calanoid copepods and their colonization of the near-bottom environment. Zoological Studies 43(2): 276-291.

Hardy, A. C. and Gunther, F. R. (1935 or 1936). The plankton of the South Georgia whaling grounds and adjacent waters, 1926-1927. Discovery Rep., 11: 1-456.

Hopkins, T. L. (1985). Food web of an Antarctic midwater ecosystem. Marine Biology 89: 197-212.

Lee, Christine N. W. (2004). Distribution of necrophagous copepods in the Cape d’Aguilar Marine Reserve, Hong Kong. Zoological Studies 43(2): 304-313.

Ohtsuka, S., Takeuchi, I. and Tanimura, A. (1998). Xanthocalanus gracilis and Tharybis magna (Copepoda: Calanoida) rediscovered from the Antarctic Ocean with baited traps. Journal of Natural History 32: 785-804.

Razouls, C. (1994). Manuel d'identification des principales espèces de copépodes pélagiques antarctiques et subantarctiques. Annales de l'Institut océanographique, Paris, 70(1): 3-204.

Razouls C., Desreumaux N., Kouwenberg J. and de Bovée F., 2005-2023. - Biodiversity of Marine Planktonic Copepods (morphology, geographical distribution and biological data). Sorbonne University, CNRS. Available at [Accessed March 11, 2023]

Razouls, S., Razouls, C. and De Bovée, F. (2000). Biodiversity and biogeography of Antarctic copepods. Antarctic Science 12(3): 343-362.

Sewell, R.B. Seymour. (1948). The free-swimming planktonic Copepoda. Geographical distribution. Scient. Rep. John Murray Exped., 8(3): 317-592.

Takeuchi, I., Watanabe, K., Tanimura, A. and Fukuchi, M. (2001). Assemblages of necrophagous animals off Enderby Land, east Antarctica. Polar Biology 24: 650-656.


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