Dendrocephalus lithacus (Creaser, 1940)

Stone Mountain fairy shrimp



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chirocephalus lithacus Creaser, 1940 (original combination); Branchinella lithaca (Creaser, 1940); Dendrocephalus lithica (Creaser, 1940)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1951

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Stone Mountain, De Kalb County, Georgia, USA


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 79294 (male)

Allotype: USNM 79295 (female)

Paratype: USNM 79296 (female)

(for more detailed information on the specimens held in the USNM invertebrate collection search "Chirocephalus lithacus" at






Original scientific description:

Creaser, E. P. (1940). A new species of phyllopod crustacean from Stone Mountain, Georgia. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 30: 435-437.


Other references:

Belk, D. and Brtek, J. (1995). Checklist of the Anostraca. Hydrobiologia 298: 315-353.

Belk, D. and Sissom, S. L. (1992). New Branchinella (Anostraca) from Texas, U.S.A., and the problem of antennalike processes. Journal of Crustacean Biology 12: 312-316.

Brendonck, L. (1997). The anostracan genus Branchinella (Crustacea: Branchiopoda), in need of a taxonomic revision; evidence from penile morphology. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society 119: 447-455.

Brtek, J. (2002). Taxonomical survey of the Anostraca, Notostraca, Cyclestherida, Spinicaudata, and Laevicaudata. Zborník Slovenského Národného Múzea / Prírodné vedy 48: 49-60.

Dexter, R. W. (1953). Studies on North American fairy shrimps with the descriptions of two new species. American Midland Naturalist 49: 751-771.

Inland Water Crustacean Specialist Group. (1996). Branchinella lithaca. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. ( Downloaded on 24 April 2011.

Rogers, D. Christopher. (2006). Revision of the thamnocephalid Genus Phallocryptus (Crustacea;  Branchiopoda;  Anostraca). Zootaxa 1260: 1-25.

Rogers, D. Christopher. (2013). Anostraca catalogus (Crustacea: Branchiopoda). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 61(2): 525-546.

Rogers, D. Christopher, Dunn, A. and Price, W. W. (2019). A review of Dendrocephalus (Dendrocephalinus) (Crustacea: Anostraca) with the first records of male-male anostracan aggressive competition. European Journal of Taxonomy 509: 1-14.


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