Cambarus veitchorum Cooper & Cooper, 1997

White Spring Cave crayfish



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1968

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



White Spring Cave, Limestone County, Alabama, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Cooper, J. E. and Cooper, M. R. (1997). A new species of troglobitic crayfish of the genus Cambarus, subgenus Aviticambarus (Decapoda: Cambaridae), endemic to White Spring Cave, Alabama. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 110(4): 608-616.


Other references:

Buhay, J. E. (2006). Phylogeographic analyses of obligate and facultative cave crayfish species on the Cumberland Plateau of the southern Appalachians. Department of Integrative Biology, Brigham Young University.

Buhay, J. E. and Crandall, K. A. (2009). Taxonomic revision of cave crayfish in the genus Cambarus, subenus Aviticambarus (Decapoda: Cambaridae) with descriptions of two new species, C. speleocoopi and C. laconensis, endemic to Alabama, U.S.A. Journal of Crustacean Biology 29(1):121-134.

Buhay, J. E, Moni, G., Mann, N. and Crandall, K. A. (2007). Molecular taxonomy in the dark: Evolutionary history, phylogeography, and diversity of Cave Crayfish in the subgenus Aviticambarus, genus Cambarus. Molecular Phylogentics and Evolution 42: 435-338.

Cordeiro, J. and Thoma, R. F. (2010). Cambarus veitchorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T153812A4548192. Downloaded on 25 December 2015.

McLaughlin, P. A., Camp, D. K., Angel, M. V., Bousfield, E. L., Brunel, P., Brusca, R. C., Cadien, D., Cohen, A. C., Conlan, K., Eldredge, L. G., Felder, D. L., Goy, J. W., Haney, T., Hann, B., Heard, R. W., Hendrycks, E. A., Hobbs, H. H. III, Holsinger, J. R., Kensley, B., Laubitz, D. R., LeCroy, S. E., Lemaitre, R., Maddocks, R. F., Martin, J. W., Mikkelsen, P., Nelson, E., Newman, W. A., Overstreet, R. M., Poly, W. J., Price, W. W., Reid, J. W., Robertson, A., Rogers, D. C., Ross, A., Schotte, M., Schram, F., Shih, C., Watling, L., Wilson, G. D. F. and Turgeon, D. D. (2005). Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Crustaceans. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31: 545 pp.

Mirarchi, R. E., Bailey, M. A., Garner, J. T., Haggerty, T. M., Best, T. L., Mettee, M. F., and O'Neil, P. (2004). Alabama Wildlife. Volume Four: Conservation and Management Recommendations for Imperiled Wildlife. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. 221 pp.

Schuster, G. A. and Taylor, C. A. (2004). Report on the crayfishes of Alabama: literature and museum database review, species list with abbreviated annotations and proposed conservation statuses. Illinois Natural History Survey Technical Report, 2004(12): 47 pp.

Schuster, G. A., Taylor, C. A. and Johansen, J. (2008). An annotated checklist and preliminary designation of drainage distributions of the crayfishes of Alabama. Southeastern Naturalist, 7(3): 493-504.

Taylor, C. A., Schuster, G. A., Cooper, J. E., DiStefano, R. J., Eversole, A. G., Hobbs III, H. H., Robison, H. W., Skelton, C. W. and Thoma, R. F. (2007). A Reassessment of the Conservation Status of Crayfishes of the United States and Canada after 10+ Years of Increased Awareness. Fisheries, American Fisheries Society 32(8): 372-389.


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