Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & W.C.Cheng (1948:154)

Dawn redwood, Water fir, Water larch, 水杉 shui shan [Chinese] (Earle, 2023), メタセコイア [Japanese] (Earle, 2023)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s (following POWO, 2023): Sequoia glyptostroboides (Hu & W.C.Cheng) Weide in Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 66: 185 (1962); Metasequoia glyptostroboides var. caespitosa Y.H.Long & Y.Wu in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(1): 149 (1984); Metasequoia glyptostroboides subsp. caespitosa (Y.H.Long & Y.Wu) Silba in J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 17: 25 (2010); Metasequoia honshuenensis Silba & Callahan in J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 7: 2 (2000); Metasequoia neopangaea Silba in J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 9: 9 (2002); Metasequoia glyptostroboides subsp. neopangaea (Silba) Silba in J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. 17: 25 (2010)


Conservation Status

Last record for the genus: fossil (Miki, 1941)

Rediscovered in: 1941 (initial observation); 1946 (recognition) (Hu, 1948)

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



south-western Hubei province, north-western Hunan province & eastern Sichuan province, China (Earle, 2023)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hu and Cheng. (1948). Bulletin Fan Memorial Institute of Biology 1(2): 153-161.


Other references:

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Bartholomew, B., Boufford, D. E. and Spongberg, S. A. (1983). Metasequoia glyptostroboides -- its present status in central China. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 64:105-128.

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Chatfield, James A., Chatfield, Anna J. and Cochran, Kenneth D. (2006). Dawnredwoods and Secrest Arboretum, pp. 166-171. In: Ornamental Plants Annual Reports and Research Reviews 2005. Special Circular 197, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, in Partnership With Ohio State University Extension and the OSU Extension Centers at Wooster and Piketon.

Chii, K. L. and Cooper, W. S. (1950). An ecological reconnaissance in the native home of Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Ecology 31: 260-278.

Chu, Kwei-Ling and Cooper, William S. (1950). An ecological reconnaissance in the native home of Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Ecology 31(2): 260-278.

Cui, M. Y., Yu, S., Liu, M. and Li, Y. Y. (2010). Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Taxodiaceae). Conserv. Genet. Resour. 2: 19-21.

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LePage, B. A., Yang, H. and Matsumoto, M. (2005). The evolution and biogeographic history of Metasequoia. In: LePage BA, Williams CJ, Yang H (eds) The geobiology and ecology of Metasequoia. Springer, Heidelberg.

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Li, Y. Y., Ysang, E. P. K., Cui, M. Y. and Chen, X. Y. (2012). Too early to call it success: an evaluation of the natural regeneration of the endangered Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Biol. Conserv. 150: 1-4.

Long, Y. H. and Wu, Y. (1984). Bulletin of Botanical Research, Harbin 4(1): 149.

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