Calosoma burchellii (Waterhouse, 1842)

Giant ground beetle, Burchell's Giant ground beetle



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Aplothorax burchellii Waterhouse, 1842; Aplothorax burchelli Waterhouse, 1842 [orth. error used by many authors]; Haplothorax Burchellii Waterhouse, 1842 [used by Wollaston, 1877:1]; Calosoma burchellii (Waterhouse, 1841) [incorrect year; used by Toussaint et al., 2021]


Transferred to the genus Calosoma by (Toussaint et al., 2021).


Conservation Status


Last record: 1967



St. Helena


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Waterhouse, G. R. (1842). Descriptions of a sub-genus of coleopterous insects closely allied to the genus Carabus. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 3: 207-209.


Other references:

America, S. (1999). St Helena. Biodiversity: the UK Overseas Territories, 101.

Ashmole, Philip, and, Ashmole, Myrtle. (2004a). The invertebrates of Prosperous Bay Plain, St Helena: A survey, by Philip and Myrtle Ashmole, September – December 2003. Commissioned by the St Helena Government and financed by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Peebles, Scotland: Kidston Mill.

Ashmole, Philip, and, Ashmole, Myrtle. (2004b). Guide to Invertebrates of Prosperous Bay Plain, St Helena and Illustrated account of species found on the Eastern Arid Area (EAA), including Prosperous Bay Plain, Holdfast Tom and Horse Point Plain. Peebles, Scotland: Kidston Mill. 92 pp. [automatic download]

Pryce, David. (2019). David Pryce Invertebrate Surveys: Prosperous Bay Plain Invertebrate Survey 2018-19. Unpublished report.

Raupach, Michael J. (2018). Endless forms most beautiful – Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) on postal stamps. Angewandte Carabidologie 12: 29-35.

Sota, Teiji et al. (2020). The origin of the giant ground beetle Aplothorax burchelli on St Helena Island. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 131(1): 50-60.

Toussaint, Emmanuel F. A. et al. (2021). HyRAD-X Exome Capture Museomics Unravels Giant Ground Beetle Evolution. Genome Biology and Evolution 13(7): evab112. 

Wollaston, Thomas Vernon. (1877). Coleoptera Sancta-Helenae. London: John van Voorst.


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