Rhizopsammia wellingtoni Wells, 1982:213

Wellington's solitary coral, Stony coral



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing (Hickman et al., 2007)

Last recorded: 2000 (Hickman et al., 2007)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Galápagos Archipelago, Ecuador


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Wells, J. W. (1982). Notes on Indo-Pacific scleractinian corals, Part 9: New corals from the Galapagos Islands. Pacific Science. 36 (2): 211-219.


Other references:

Banks, S., Vera, M. and Chiriboga, A. (2009). Establishing Reference Points to Assess Long-Term Change in Zooxanthellate Coral Communities of the Northern Galapagos Coral Reefs. J. Sci. Conserv. in the Galapagos Islands, p. 43-64.

Cairns, S. D. (1991). A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 504: 1-44 [32].

Cairns, S. D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Cairns, S. D., Hoeksema, B. W. and van der Land, J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. Atoll Research Bulletin. 459: 13-46.

Edgar, G. and Garske, L. (2005). Conservation Outcome Indicators for the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Report to Conservation International. Pto. Ayora, Galápagos.

Glynn, P. W. and Wellington, G. M. (1983). Corals and Coral Reefs of the Galápagos Islands. University of California Press, Berkeley. 297 pp.

Hickman, C. P. Jr. (2005). A Field Guide to Corals of Galápagos. Sugar Spring Press, Lexington, VA. 52 pp.

Hickman, C. P. Jr. (2008). A field guide to corals and other radiates of Galápagos. Sugar Spring Press, Lexington, Virginia. 162 pp.

Hickman, C. P. Jr. Chiriboga, A. and Ober, W. C. (2005). A field guide to corals of Galápagos. Sugar Spring Press, Lexington, Virginia, 54 pp.

Hickman, C., Edgar, G. and Chiriboga, A. 2007. Rhizopsammia wellingtoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T63579A12683468. Downloaded on 25 December 2015.

Hoeksema, B. W. and Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Rhizopsammia wellingtoni Wells, 1982. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-02-24

Jones, Jen et al. (2020). Plastic contamination of the Galapagos marine food web and the relative risks to native species. ResearchSquare preprint.

Reyes-Bonilla, Héctor. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of the stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from eastern Pacific. Journal of Natural History 36(1): 1-13.

Wells, J. W. (1983). Annotated List of the Scleractinian Corals of the Galápagos Islands, pp. 212-295. In: Glynn, P. W. and Wellington, G. M. (eds.). Corals and Coral Reefs of the Galapagos Islands. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Witman, J. D. and Smith, F. (2003). Rapid community change at a tropical upwelling site in the Galápagos Marine Reserve. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 25-45.


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