Pocillopora palmata Palmer, 1928



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct (Pandolfi et al., 2001) or Invalid (synonym of P. capitata) (Hoeksema & Cairns, 2024)

Last record: c.82 ka (Toth et al., 2015:834)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Palmer, R. H. (1928). Fossil and recent corals and coral reefs of Western Mexico. Three new species. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia. 67: 21-31.


Other references:

Budd, A. F., Stemann, T. A. and Johnson, K. G. (1994). Stratigraphic distributions of genera and species of Neogene to recent Carribean reef corals. Journal of Paleontology 68(5): 951-977.

Geister, J. (1977). Occurrence of Pocillopora in late Pleistocene Caribbean coral reefs:Me´moires du Bureau de Recherches Ge´ologiques et Minières 89: 378-388.

Hoeksema, B. W. and Cairns, S. D. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Pocillopora palmata Palmer, 1928. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-02-24

Inskipp, T., Ferriss, S., O’Carroll, J. and Garstecki, T. (2005). Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC Regulation No. 338/97, 7th edition. In UNEP-WCMC (ed.), JNCC Report 379: 1-327.

Pandolfi, John M. (1999). Response of Pleistocene Coral Reefs to Environmental Change over Long Temporal Scales. American Zoologist 39(1): 113-130. [Abstract]

Pandolfi, John M., Jackson, Jeremy B. C. and Geister, Jörn. (2001). Geologically Sudden Extinction of Two Widespread Late Pleistocene Caribbean Reef Corals, pp. 120-156. In: Jackson, Jeremy B. C., Lidgard, Scott and McKinney, Frank K. (eds.). Evolutionary Patterns: Growth, Form, and Tempo in the Fossil Record. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press.

Reyes Bonilla, H. R. (1992). New records for hermatypic corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the Gulf of California, Mexico, with an historical and biogeographical discussion. Journal of Natural History 26(6): 1163-1175.

Toth, Lauren T., Kuffner, Ilsa B., Cheng, Hai and Edwards, R. Lawrence. (2015). A new record of the Late Pleistocene coral Pocillopora palmata from the Dry Tortugas, Florida Reef Tract, USA. PALAIOS 30(12): 827-835.


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