Orbicella nancyi (Pandolfi, 2007)

Organ-pipe orbicella



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Montastraea nancyi Pandolfi, 2007


Conservation Status

Extinct (Pandolfi, 2007; Jordán-Garza et al., 2023)

Last record: c.82ka (Holcomb et al., 2004)



Caribbean (San Andrés (politically Colombian); Barbados; Lesser and the Greater Antilles; Curaςao) (Jordán-Garza et al., 2023)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Pandolfi, John M. (2007). A new, extinct Pleistocene reef coral from the Montastraea "annularis" species complex. Journal of Paleontology 81(3): 472-482. [Abstract]


Other references:

Budd, A. F., and Klaus, J. S. (2001). The origin and early evolution of the Montastraea ‘‘annularis’’ species complex (Anthozoa: Scleractinia). J. Paleontology 75: 527-545.

Budd, A. F. and Pandolfi, J. M. (2004). Overlapping species boundaries and hybridization within the Montastrea "annularis" reef coral complex in the Pleistocene of the Bahama Islands. Paleobiology 30(3): 396-425.

del Valle, Tanya. (2012). Comparative Growth Rates of the Extinct Coral Montastraea nancyi: A Dominant Framework Builder in the Pleistocene (MIS 5e) Reefs of Curaçao, Netherland Antilles. Masters thesis,  University of Cincinnati.

Geister, J. (1977). Occurrence of Pocillopora in late pleistocene Caribbean coral reefs. Mémoires du Bureau Recherches Géologiques Minieres 89: 378-388.

Holcomb, M., Pandolfi, J. M., Macintyre, I. G. and Budd, A. F. (2004). Use of X-radiographs to distinguish members of the Montastraea annularis reef-coral species complex. Hydrobiologia 530: 211-222. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-2652-x

Jordán-Garza, Adán Guillermo, Blanchon, Paul, Carricart-Ganivet, Juan P. and Jordán-Dahlgren, Eric. (2023). Lower skeletal extension in Pleistocene Orbicella (Montastraea) corals than in their modern counterparts. Frontiers in Marine Science 10: 1098430.

Klaus, J. S. and Budd, A. F. (2003). Comparison of Caribbean coral reef communities before and after Plio-Pleistocene faunal turnover: Analyses of two Dominican Republic reef sequences. Palaios 18(1): 3-21.

Muhs, Daniel R. and Simmons, Kathleen R. (2017). Taphonomic problems in reconstructing sea-level history from the late Quaternary marine terraces of Barbados. Quaternary Research 88: 409-429.

Pandolfi, John M. (1999). Response of Pleistocene Coral Reefs to Environmental Change over Long Temporal Scales. American Zoologist 39(1): 113-130. [Abstract]

Pandolfi, John M. (2001). Community structure of Pleistocene coral reefs of Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. Ecological Monographs 71(1): 49-67.

Pandolfi, John M. and Jackson, Jeremy B. (2001). Community structure of pleistocene coral reefs of curaçao, Netherlands antilles. Ecol. Monog. 71: 49-67. doi:10.1890/0012-9615(2001)071[0049:CSOPCR]2.0.CO;2

Pandolfi, John M. and Jackson, Jeremy B. C. (2006). Ecological persistence interrupted in Caribbean coral reefs. Ecology Letters 9: 818-826.

Pandolfi, John M., Jackson, Jeremy B. C. and Geister, Jörn. (2001). Geologically Sudden Extinction of Two Widespread Late Pleistocene Caribbean Reef Corals, pp. 120-156. In: Jackson, Jeremy B. C., Lidgard, Scott and McKinney, Frank K. (eds.). Evolutionary Patterns: Growth, Form, and Tempo in the Fossil Record. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press.

Pandolfi, John M., Lovelock, C. E. and Budd, A. F. (2002). Character release following extinction in a Caribbean reef coral species complex. Evolution 56: 479-501. doi:10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb01360.x

Prada, Carlos et al. (2016). Empty Niches after Extinctions Increase Population Sizes of Modern Corals. Current Biology 26: 3190-3194.

Wiese, Walker Charles. (2017). Database analysis of coral population distributions in the Caribbean region, 200 ka to present. Honours thesis, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas.


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