Acipenser dabryanus Duméril, 1869

Yangtze sturgeon, River sturgeon, Dabry's sturgeon, Chinese sturgeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Extinct in the wild

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild



Yangtze River, China


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Duméril, A. H. A. (1868). Note sur trois poissons: Acipenser dabryanus, Polyodon gladius et Peristhethidion prionocephalum, accompagné de quelques considérations générales sur les groupes auxquels ces espèces appartiennent. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 93-116.

Other references:

Chen, X. 2007. Biological characteristics and current situation of resource of species of Acipenseriformes [in Chinese]. Ocean Publishing House, Beijing.

Chen Y, Liu Y, Gong Q, Lai J, Song M, Du J, Deng X. (2018). Gonadal transcriptome sequencing of the critically endangered Acipenser dabryanus to discover candidate sex-related genes. PeerJ 6: e5389.

Chen, Yeyu et al. (2022). Molecular characterization and tissue distribution of cholecystokinin and its receptor in Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) and their response to different feeding conditions. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 265: 111129.

Chen, Yeyu et al. (2023). Transcriptome sequencing of the spleen of the Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) under Edwardsiella tarda and poly(I:C) treatments. Aquaculture Reports 28: 101442.

Dalrymple, S. E., Abeli, T., Ewen, J. G., Gilbert, T. C., Hogg, C. J., Lloyd, N. A., Moehrenschlager, A., Rodríguez, J. P. and Smith, D. (2023). Addressing Threats and Ecosystem Intactness to Enable Action for Extinct in the Wild Species. Diversity 15: 268.

Fan, X.G., Wei, Q.W., Chang, J., Rosenthal, H., He, J.X., Chen, D.Q., Shen, L., Du, H. and Yang, D.G. 2006. A review on conservation issues in the upper Yangtze River – a last chance for a big challenge: Can Chinese paddlefish (Psephurus gladius), Dabry's sturgeon, (Acipenser dabryanus) and other fish species still be saved? Journal of Applied Ichthyology 22(suppl 1): 32–39.

Institute of Hydrobiology. 1976. Fishes of the Yangtze River [in Chinese]. Fishes study department, Institute of Hydrobiology, Hubei Province., Science Press, Beijing.

Li J, Wang C, Pan W, et al. (2021). Migration and distribution of adult hatchery reared Yangtze sturgeons (Acipenser dabryanus) after releasing in the upper Yangtze River and its implications for stock enhancement. J Appl Ichthyol 37: 3-11. doi:

Li, Xincheng et al. (2023). A wide megafauna gap undermines China’s expanding coastal ecosystem conservation. Science Advances 9(32): eadg380.

Liu, Juanjuan et al. (2020). Establishment and characterization of a cell line derived from fin of the endangered Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 56: 650-658. [Abstract]

Liu, Juanjuan et al. (2023). Germplasm Rescue of Postmortem Critically Endangered Yangtze Sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus) by Cell Preservation. Aquaculture Research 2023: 2472375.

Qiwei, W. (2010). Acipenser dabryanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T231A13041556. Downloaded on 16 December 2015.

Qiwei, W. (2022). Acipenser dabryanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022: e.T231A61462199. Accessed on 17 December 2022.

The Yangtze Aquatic Resources Survey Group. (1988). The biology of the sturgeon in Yangtze and their artificial propagation [in Chinese]. The Yangtze Aquatic Resources Survey Group, Sichuan Scientific and Technical Publishing House, Chengdu.

Wang, S., Yue, P.Q. and Chen, Y.Y. (1998). China red data book of endangered animals – fishes [in Chinese]. National Environmental Protection Agency & Endangered Species Scientific Commission, P.R.C., Scinence Press, Beijing, Hong Kong, New York.

Wan, Q.H., Fang, S.G. and Li, Y.N. 2003. The loss of genetic diversity in Dabry's sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus, Dumeril) as revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Aquatic Conservation - Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 13(3): 225-231.

Wei, Q., He, J., Yang, D., Zheng, W. and Li, L. (2004). Status of sturgeon aquaculture and sturgeon trade in China: a review based on two recent nationwide surveys. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 20: 321-332.

Xin. G, Jian. W.W. and Brosse, S. (2009). Threatened fishes of the world Acipenser dabryanus. Environmental Biology of Fishes 85: 117-118.

Ye, Huan et al. (2020). Assessment of Yangtze sturgeon as recipient for the production of American paddlefish gametes through spermatogonia transplantation. Theriogenology 158: 168-179. [Abstract]


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