Gymnura tentaculata (Müller & Henle, 1841)

Tentacled butterfly ray



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Rediscovered or relocated



New Guinea & Western Central Pacific


Biology & Ecology










Holmes, Branden. (2021). What's Lost and What Remains: The Sixth Extinction in 100 Accounts (eBook). Self published.

Jabado, R. W., Kyne, P. M., Pollom, R. A., Ebert, D. A., Simpfendorfer, C. A., Ralph, G.M., and Dulvy, N.K. (eds.). (2017). The Conservation Status of Sharks, Rays, and Chimaeras in the Arabian Sea and Adjacent Waters. Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, UAE and IUCN Species Survival Commission Shark Specialist Group, Vancouver, Canada. 236 pp.

Jacobsen, I. (2009). Gymnura tentaculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T161516A5441188. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

Rezaie-Atagholipour, Mohsen, Jabado, Rima W., Hesni, Majid Askari, Owfi, Fereidoon, Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar and Ebert, David A. (2023). Redescription of the Critically Endangered tentacled butterfly ray, Gymnura tentaculata (Valenciennes in Müller & Henle, 1841) (Myliobatiformes: Gymnuridae) from Iranian waters. Marine Biodiversity 53: 6.

Rezaie-Atagholipour, Mohsen, Jabado, Rima W., Owfi, Fereidoon, Hesni, Majid Askari and Ebert, David A. (2021). Lost and found: rediscovery of the extinct tentacled butterfly ray Gymnura tentaculata in Iranian waters. Oryx 55(4): 489-490.


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