Gymnura tentaculata (Müller & Henle, 1841)

Tentacled butterfly ray



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Rediscovered or relocated



New Guinea & Western Central Pacific


Biology & Ecology










Holmes, Branden. (2021). What's Lost and What Remains: The Sixth Extinction in 100 Accounts. Self published. [Available from Amazon]

Jabado, R. W., Kyne, P. M., Pollom, R. A., Ebert, D. A., Simpfendorfer, C. A., Ralph, G.M., and Dulvy, N.K. (eds.). (2017). The Conservation Status of Sharks, Rays, and Chimaeras in the Arabian Sea and Adjacent Waters. Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi, UAE and IUCN Species Survival Commission Shark Specialist Group, Vancouver, Canada. 236 pp.

Jacobsen, I. (2009). Gymnura tentaculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T161516A5441188. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

Rezaie-Atagholipour, Mohsen, Jabado, Rima W., Owfi, Fereidoon, Hesni, Majid Askari and Ebert, David A. (2021). Lost and found: rediscovery of the extinct tentacled butterfly ray Gymnura tentaculata in Iranian waters. Oryx 55(4): 489-490.


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