Tadarida constantinei Lawrence, 1960

Constantine's free(-)tail bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



New Mexico, USA






Holotype: MCZ 49076 (cranium)

Type locality: New Cave (now Slaughter Canyon Cave), Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Eddy County, New Mexico, USA






Original scientific description:

Lawrence, Barbara. (1960). Fossil Tadarida from New Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 41(3): 320-322. [Abstract]


Other references:

Baker, J. K. 1963. Fossilization of bat skeletons in the Carlsbad Caverns. National Speleological Society, Bulletin 25 (part 1):37-44.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Kottkamp, Scott et al. (2022). Pleistocene vertebrates from Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. In: Morgan et al. (eds.). Late Cenozoic Vertebrate Paleontology: Tribute to Arthur H. Harris. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 88: 267-290.

Lundberg, J. and D. A. McFarlane. (2006). A minimum age for canyon incision and for the extinct molossid bat, Tadarida constantinei, from Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 68(3): 115-117.

Morgan, G. S. (2003a). The extinct free-tailed bat Tadarida constantinei and associated vertebrates from Pleistocene deposits in Slaughter Canyon Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, southeastern New Mexico. New Mexico Geology 25(2): 43.

Morgan, G. S. (2003). The Extinct Pleistocene Molossid Bat Tadarida constantinei from Slaughter Canyon Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico. Bat Research News 2003: 159-160.

Pate, D. (1996). Constantine's Freetail, pp. 10. Canyons & Caves: A Newsletter from the Resource Management Offices, Carlsbad Caverns National Park. [incomplete citation]


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