Synemporion keana Ziegler, Howarth & Simmons, 2016:7

Hawaii lesser bat, Lava-tube bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Hawai'i, Maui and Moloka'i, Hawaiian Islands, USA






Holotype: BPBM 159269






Original scientific description:

Ziegler, Alan C., Howarth, Francis G. and Simmons, Nancy B. (2016). A second endemic land mammal for the Hawaiian Islands: a new genus and species of fossil bat (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). American Museum Novitates 3854: 1-52.


Other references:

James HF, Stafford Jr TW, Steadman DW, Olson SL, Martin PS, Jull AJT, and McCoy PC (1987) Radiocarbon dates on bones of extinct birds from Hawaii. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 84, 2350–2354.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Ziegler, Alan C. (2002). Hawaiian Natural History, Ecology, and Evolution. University of Hawaii Press.


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