Stenoderma rufum rufum Desmarest, 1820:117

Red fig-eating bat, Desmarest's red fruit bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Artibaeus undatus Gervais, 1855


Conservation Status

Last record: 1816

Rediscovered (Jones et al., 1971)

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable



St. John & St. Thomas, Virgin Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Desmarest, A. G. (1820). Mammalogie, ou description des espéces de mammifères. Paris, 1: 1-276.


Other references:

Allen, Glover M. (1942). Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Western Hemisphere with the marine species of all the oceans. New York, N.Y.: American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, Special Publications 11: 1-620.

Gannon, M. R., M. R. Willig, and J. K. Jones, Jr. (1992). Morphometric variation, measurement error, and fluctuating asymmetry in the red fig-eating bat (Stenoderma rufum). Texas J. Sci. 44(4): 389-404.

Genoways, Hugh H. and Baker, Robert J. (1972). Stenoderma rufum. Mammalian Species 18: 1-4, 4 figs.

Hall, E. Raymond and Bee, James W. (1960). The red fig-eating bat Stenoderma rufum Desmarest found alive in the West Indies. Mammalia 24: 67-75. [Abstract]

Hall, E. Raymond and Tamsitt, J. R. (1968). A new subspecies of the red fig-eating bat from Puerto Rico. Life Sci. Occas. Papers, Royal Ontario Mus. 11: 1-5.

Jones, J. Knox Jnr., Genoways, Hugh H. and Baker, Robert J. (1971). Morphological variation in Stenoderma rufum. Journal of Mammalogy 52(1): 244-247.

Rodriguez, A. and Dávalos, L. (2011). Stenoderma rufum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 21 July 2013.

Simmons, N.B. and A.L. Cirranello. 2023. Bat Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic database. Version 1.3. Accessed on 06/18/2023.


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