Pipistrellus sturdeei Thomas, 1915:230

Ogasawara oil bat, Bonin pipistrelle, Sturdee’s pipistrelle



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last Record: July-August 1889 (Fukui & Sano, 2020); 1891 (Fisher & Blomberg, 2012; Lee et al., 2017)

IUCN status: Extinct



Hahajima Island, Bonin Islands, Japan





Biology & Ecology




This species is only known from a single specimen.






Original scientific description:

Thomas, Oldfield. (1915). On bats of the genera Nyctalus, Tylonycteris, and Pipistrellus. The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology (8) 15(85): 230-231.


Other references:

Abe, H., Ishii, N., Ito, T., Kaneko, Y., Maeda, K., Miura, S. and Yoneda, M. 2005. A Guide to the Mammals of Japan. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan.

Fisher, Diana O. and Blomberg, Simon P. (2012). Inferring Extinction of Mammals from Sighting Records, Threats, and Biological Traits. Conservation Biology 26(1): 57-67.

Fukui, D. & Sano, A. 2020. Pipistrellus sturdeei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T17365A22123157. Downloaded on 26 June 2021.

Görföl, Tamás, Fukui, Dai and Csorba, Gábor. (2020). The taxonomic reassessment of a reportedly extinct bat, Pipistrellus sturdeei (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Zootaxa 4755(1): 163-170. [Abstract]

Kawai, K. 2015. Pipistrellus sturdeei Thomas, 1915. In: S. D. Ohdachi, Y. Ishibashi, M. A. Iwasa, D. Fukui & T. Saitoh (ed.), The Wild Mammals of Japan, Second Edition, 87, Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kyoto.

Lee, T. E., Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Wintle, B. A. (2017). Extinct or still out there? Disentangling influences on extinction and rediscovery helps to clarify the fate of species on the edge. Global Change Biology 23(2): 621-634.

Maeda, K. (2008). Pipistrellus sturdeei. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 18 October 2011.

Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. 2015. Red Data Book 2014 Threatened Wildlife of Japan - Volume 1, Mammalia. GYOSEI Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

Simmons, N.B. and A.L. Cirranello. 2023. Bat Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic database. Version 1.3. Accessed on 06/18/2023.

Yoshiyuki, M. (1989). A systematic study of the Japanese Chiroptera. National Science Museum Monographs 16: 1-242.


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