Phyllops silvai Suárez & Diaz-Franco, 2003

Silva's fig-eating bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 20,050 to 21,474 yBP


This species is only known from sub-fossil remains dated to 20,050 to 21,474 yBP (95% confidence).









Holotype: MNHNCu 76.4620 ("partial skull")

Type locality: "Cueva El Abro´n, western tip of Sierra de La Gu¨ ira (ca. 22°40N,
83°28W; X-247, Y-317; on the 1:50 000 series map, Herradura 3583-IV, Instituto Cubano de Geodesia y Cartograf´ıa, 1982), Municipality of Los Palacios, Pinar del Rıo Province, Cuba."



MNHNCu 76.4621 ("Mandible without right ramus")

MNHNCu 76.4622 ("Mandible without teeth and right ramus")






Original scientific description:

Suárez, William and Diaz-Franco, Stephen. (2003). A New Fossil Bat (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from a Quaternary Cave Deposit in Cuba. Caribbean Journal of Science 39(3): 371-377.


Other references:

Borroto-Páez, Rafael and Mancina, Carlos A. (2017). Biodiversity and conservation of Cuban mammals: past, present, and invasive species. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 964-985.

Herrera-Uria, Jane et al. (2015). Type specimens housed in the National Museum of Natural History of Cuba. Solenodon 12: 84-123.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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