Mormoops magna Silva-Taboada, 1974:52

Giant ghost-faced bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene?



Cuba and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)


Originally described from fossils from Cuba (Silva-Taboada, 1974), and a second collection from Cuba (García and Páez, 2000). A range extension of c.1200 km to the Dominican Republic, Hispaniola was given by (Velazco et al. 2013).


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: Cuba, Las Villas Province, Trinidad, Cueva de los Masones.






Original scientific description:

Silva-Taboada, G. (1974). Fossil Chiroptera from cave deposits in central Cuba, with descriptions of two new species (genera Pteronotus and Mormoops) and the first West Indian record of Mormoops megalophylla. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 19: 34-73.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael and Mancina, Carlos A. (2017). Biodiversity and conservation of Cuban mammals: past, present, and invasive species. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 964-985.

Cooke, Siobhán B., Dávalos, Liliana M., Mychajliw, Alexis M. Turvey, Samuel T. and Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Anthropogenic Extinction Dominates Holocene Declines of West Indian Mammals. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 48: 301-327.

Ignacio Ramos García and Rafael Borroto Páez. (2000). Ejemplares tipo de mamíferos en colecciones cubanas. Orsis 15: 75-89.

Jiménez Vázquez O, C ondis MM, and Elvis García C (2005) Vertebrados post-glaciales en un residuario fósil de Tyto alba scopoli (Aves: Tytonidae) en el occidente de Cuba. Revista Mexicana de Mastozoología 9, 85–112.

Silva-Taboada, G. 1979. Los murciélagos de Cuba. Editorial Academia. 423 pp.

Soto-Centeno, J. Angel, Simmons, Nancy B. and Steadman, David W. (2017). The bat community of Haiti and evidence for its long-term persistence at high elevations. PLoS One 12(6): e0178066.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]

Upham, Nathan S. (2017). Past and present of insular Caribbean mammals: understanding Holocene extinctions to inform modern biodiversity conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 98(4): 913-917.

Velazco, Paúl M., O’Neill, H., Gunnell, G. F., Cooke, S. B., Rimoli, R., Rosenberger, A. L., et al. (2013). Quaternary Bat Diversity in the Dominican Republic. American Museum Novitates 3779: 1-20.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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