Desmodus stocki Jones, 1958

Stock's vampire bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Desmodus magnus Gut, 1959


Conservation Status


Last record: c. 1,000 BC


This species is only known from sub-fossil remains; the youngest of which are believed to date to around 1,000 BC.









UF/FGS 5935 (holotype of Desmodus magnus)






Original scientific description:

Jones, J. Knox Jnr. (1958). Pleistocene bats from San Josecito Cave, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History 1958: 389-396.


Other references:

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1959). The Pleistocene avifauna of Arredondo, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 4(9): 269-291.

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1930. An apparently extinct Euglandina from Texas. Proceedings of the Colorado Museum of Natural History 9(5):52-53.

Cruz, J.A.; Velasco, J.A.; Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Johnson, E. (2023). Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Based on the Late Pleistocene San Josecito Cave Stratum 720 Fauna Using Fossil Mammals, Reptiles, and Birds. Diversity 15: 881.

Czaplewski, N. J., and W. D. Peachey. 2003. Late Pleistocene bats from Arkenstone Cave, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 48(4):597-609.

Grady, F., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Garton, E.R. (2002). The northernmost occurrence of the Pleistocene vampire bat Desmodus stocki Jones (chiroptera: phyllostomidae: desmodontinae) in eastern north America. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 93: 73-75.

Gut, H. James. (1959). A Pleistocene Vampire Bat from Florida. Journal of Mammalogy 40(4): 534-538. [Abstract]

Guthrie, D. A. 1980. Analysis of avifaunal and bat remains from midden sites on San Miguel Island. Pp. 689-702 in D. M. Power (ed.). The California Islands: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Symposium. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 787 pp.

Guthrie, D. A. 1998. Fossil vertebrates from Pleistocene terrestrial deposits on the northern Channel Islands, southern California. Pp. 187-192 in Contributions to the Geology of the Northern Channel Islands, Southern California. Pacific Section American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

Harris, Arthur H. (1987). Reconstruction of Mid Wisconsin Environments in Southern New Mexico. National Geographic Research 3(2): 142-151.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2: i-vii, 1-338.

Hutchison, J. H. (1967). A Pleistocene vampire bat (Desmodus stocki) from Potter Creek cave, Shasta County, California. PaleoBios 3: 1-6.

McDonald, H. G., and G. T. Jefferson. 2008. Distribution of Pleistocene Nothrotheriops (Xenarthra, Nothrotheridae) in North America. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, no. 41:313-331.

Mead, J. I., N. J. Czaplewski, and L. D. Agenbroad. 2005. Rancholabrean (Late Pleistocene) mammals and localities of Arizona. Pp. 139-180, in (R. D. McCord, ed.) Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona, Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin No. 11.

Olsen, S. (1960). Additional Remains of Florida's Pleistocene Vampire. Journal of Mammalogy 1960: 458-62.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


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