Pteropus brunneus Dobson, 1878:37

Dusky flying-fox, Dusky flying fox, Percy Islands flying-fox, Percy Island flying fox, Dusky fruit bat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Validity disputed

Last record: 1859 or 1874

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


There is some confusion as to when the only known specimen was collected. The Australian Museum website and the official Action Plan for Australian Bats state that the specimen was collected in 1859. However, Richards & Hall (2008) state that it was collected in 1874, while (Conder, 1995:434) states that the skin and skull were purchased in the latter year (i.e. 1874) from Stevens' Sale Rooms. This discrepancy of 15 years is significant and needs resolving, possibly by consulting (Andersen, 1912) or the label attached to the holotype itself.


Troughton (1957:338) states that a collector by the name of Broadbent made a statement to the effect that Dusky (Percy Islands) Flying Fox had been observed "flying over the coast opposite Percy Island" (quotation from Troughton, not Broadbent).



Percy Islands, Queensland, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from the holotype, apparently deposited in, and still housed in, the British Museum of Natural History.






Original scientific description:

Dobson, G. E. (1878). Catalogue of the Chiroptera in the Collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London.


Other references:

Andersen, K. (1912). Catalogue of the Chiroptera in the collection of the British Museum. Volume I: Megachiroptera, 2nd edition. London: Johnson Reprint Company.

Conder, Pam. (1995). Dusky Flying-fox Pteropus brunneus. pp. 433-434 in R. Strahan (Ed.) The Mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.

Conder, Pam. (2008). Percy Island Flying-fox, Pteropus brunneus. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 437-438. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Corbet, G.B. & Hill, J.E. 1980. A World List of Mammalian Species. London : British Museum viii 226

Corbet, G. B. and Hill, J. Edwards. (1991). A world list of mammalian species. 3rd edition. British Museum Publications and Oxford University Press.

Honacki, J.H., Kinman, K.E. & Koeppl, J.W. (eds) 1982. Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Lawrence, Kansas : Allen Press & Assoc. Syst. Coll. ix694.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Jackson, Stephen and Groves, Colin. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian Mammals. Clayton South, Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. 529 pp. [p. 239-240]

Koopman, K. F. (1984). Taxonomic and distributional notes on tropical Australian bats. American Museum Novitates 2778: 1-48.

Lucas, Arthur Henry Shakespeare and Le Souëf, William Henry Dudley. (1909). The Animals of Australia: Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians. Melbourne: Whitcombe and Tombs.

Mickleburgh, Simon P., Hutson, Anthony M. and Racey, Paul A. (1992). Old World fruit bats. An action plan for their conservation. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. viii + 252 pp.

Ogilby, J. Douglas. (1892). Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Australian Museum, Sydney: Catalogue No. 16: viii + 142 pp.

Richards, G. & Hall, L. (2008). Pteropus brunneus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 19 October 2011.

Tsang, S.M. 2020. Pteropus brunneus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T18718A22078015. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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