Hadronyche pulvinator (Hickman, 1927:70)
Cascade funnel-web spider
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Atrax pulvinator Hickman, 1927:70
Transferred to the genus Hadronyche by (Gray, 1988).
Last record: 1926 or later.
This species is only known from either 1 specimen, the holotype female, according to (Gray, 2010), or 3 specimens according to (Atlas of Living Australia, 2011). One of which (KS.28457) was collected on Christmas day, 1925. The exact date of collection of the other two specimens is unknown. However, we known that KS.43657 was collected sometime during 1926.
Hickman found two burrows on the bank of a river within the Cascades area of Tasmania. He sketched the burrow and its occupants (adult and eggs), and measured its depth (18cm) (Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania 2006).
Cascades area, Tasmania, Australia
Biology & Ecology
Holotype: QVM 1957/13/20 -- type number 17, 1957:13:0020. (QVM 13:7428) (adult female, in alcohol)
Other specimens (both in the Australian Museum):
All three museum records can be viewed here: http://biocache.ala.org.au/occurrences/searchByTaxon?q=urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:1e4e0bcd-71de-4d74-8f32-cd5a72811d04
Original scientific description:
Hickman, Vernon Victor. (1927). Studies in Tasmanian spiders. Part I. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1926: 52-86.
"Occurence records: Hadronyche pulvinator" (Atlas of Living Australia website at http://biocache.ala.org.au/occurrences/searchByTaxon?q=urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:afd.taxon:1e4e0bcd-71de-4d74-8f32-cd5a72811d04 Accessed 21 June 2011)
ABRS 2009. Australian Faunal Directory. Hadronyche pulvinator. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Viewed 21 June 2011. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/abrs/online-resources/fauna/afd/taxa/Hadronyche_pulvinator
Braby, Michael F. (2019). Are insects and other invertebrates in decline in Australia? Austral Entomology 58(3): 471-477. https://doi.org/10.1111/aen.12411
Bryant, Sally L. and Jackson, J. (1999). Tasmania's Threatened Fauna Handbook: What, Where and How to Protect Tasmania's Threatened Animals. Threatened Species Unit, DPIWE, Hobart. [p. 303-306]
Gray, Michael R. (1988). Aspects of the systematics of the Australian Funnel web Spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae: Atracinae) based upon morphological and electrophoretic data. Australian Entomological Society Miscellaneous Publication 5. 113-125
Gray, Michael R. (2010). A revision of the Australian funnel-web spiders (Hexathelidae: Atracinae). Rec. Aust. Mus. 62(3): 285–392. (Warning: 6MB file)
Main, B. Y. (1985). Arachnida: Mygalomorphae. In Zoological Catalogue of Australia 3: 1-183.
Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania (2006). Species factsheet: Hadronyche pulvinator. Accessed 15 January, 2011. (http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1079)
Woinarski, John C. Z., Braby, M. F., Burbidge, A. A., Coates, D., Garnett, S. T., Fensham, R. J., Legge, S. M., McKenzie, N. L., Silcock, J L. and Murphy, B. P. (2019). Reading the black book: The number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239: 108261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108261