Myrmarachne melanocephala MacLeay, 1839:11



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Myrmecia melanocephala (MacLeay, 1839:11); Myrmarachne orientales Tikader, 1973:60; Myrmarachne orientalis Tikader, 1973:60 (lapsus)


Conservation Status




Asia (southern)


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

MacLeay, W. S. (1839). On some new forms of Arachnida. Annals of Natural History 2(7): 1-14, pl. 1-2.


Other references:

Benjamin, S. P. (2015). Model mimics: antlike jumping spiders of the genus Myrmarachne from Sri Lanka. Journal of Natural History 49(43-44): 2609-2666. doi:10.1080/00222933.2015.1034209

Brignoli, P. M. (1983). A catalogue of the Araneae described between 1940 and 1981. Manchester University Press, 755 pp.

Caleb, J. T. D. (2016). Taxonomic notes on some ant-mimicking jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from India. Arthropoda Selecta 25(4): 403-420. doi:10.15298/arthsel.25.4.09

Dhali, D. C., Saha, S. and Raychaudhuri, D. (2017). Litter and ground dwelling spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) of reserve forests of Dooars, West Bengal. World Scientific News 63: 1-242.

Edwards, G. B. and Benjamin, Suresh P. (2009). A first look at the phylogeny of the Myrmarachninae, with rediscovery and redescription of the type species of Myrmarachne (Araneae: Salticidae). Zootaxa 2309: 1-29. [Abstract]

Galiano, M. E. (1969b). Salticidae (Araneae) formiciformes. VII. El género Myrmarachne Mac Leay, 1839, en America. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia (Ent.) 3: 107-148.

Kumar, R., Sharma, M. and Sharma, A. K. (2021). New record of Myrmarachne melanocephala MacLeay, 1839 (Araneae: Salticidae) from Jharkhand, India and biogeographical implications of the co-occurrence of its ant model Tetraponera rufonigra Jerdon, 1851. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(12): 19753-19761.

Mushtaq, S., Beg, M. A., Waris, M. & Khan, A. A. (1995). Myrmarachne maratha Tikader and Myrmarachne orientales Tikader (Araneae: Salticidae), two new records to Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 27: 91-92.

Prószyński, J. (2017). Pragmatic classification of the world's Salticidae (Araneae). Ecologica Montenegrina 12: 1-133. doi:10.37828/em.2017.12.1

Prószyński, J. (2018). Review of genera Evarcha and Nigorella, with comments on Emertonius, Padilothorax [sic], Stagetillus, and description of five new genera and two new species (Araneae: Salticidae). Ecologica Montenegrina 16: 130-179. doi:10.37828/em.2018.16.12

Roy, T. K., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2016). A treatise on the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of tea ecosystem of Dooars, West Bengal, India. World Scientific News 53(1): 1-66.

Sen, S., Dhali, D. C., Saha, S. and Raychaudhuri, D. (2015). Spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) of Reserve Forests of Dooars: Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary. World Scientific News 20: 1-339.

Tikader, B. K. (1973). Studies on some ant-like spiders from India (family: Salticidae). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science 78(B): 59-67.

Tikader, B. K. and Biswas, B. (1981). Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity: Part-I. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 30: 1-149.

Walckenaer, C. A. (1841). Histoire naturelle des Insects. Aptères. Tome deuxième. Roret, Paris, 549 pp., pl. 16-22.

Yamasaki, T. and Edwards, G. B. (2013). The genus Myrmarchne (Araneae, Salticidae) in Flores, Indonesia. ZooKeys 299: 1-20.

Yamasaki, T. and Ahmad, A. H. (2013). Taxonomic study of the genus Myrmarachne of Borneo (Araneae: Salticidae). Zootaxa 3710: 501-556.


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