Liphistius birmanicus Thorell, 1897:162



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: between 1885 and 1889 (most likely 1887-1888) (Xu et al., 2021); between December 1887 and January 1889 (Fea, 1897: 391; fide Schwendinger et al., 2022)

Rediscovered on 15 November 2018 (Xu et al., 2021)


At least three collection events (1915 or earlier, 1932 or earlier, and 13 July 1982) after the original description resulted in specimens assigned to L. birmanicus, all of which have now been rejected or are indeterminate (Xu et al., 2021; Schwendinger et al., 2022).



Yadò, Kayin State (=Kayah State = Karen State), Myanmar (=Burma)


Biology & Ecology




Only a single type specimen, a lectotype (female) designated by (Platnick & Sedgwick, 1984).


2 males and 10 females collected by (Xu et al., 2021).






Original scientific description:

Thorell, T. (1897). Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. LXXIII. Secondo saggio sui Ragni birmani. I. Parallelodontes. Tubitelariae. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 37: 161-267.


Other references:

Bristowe, W. S. (1933). The liphistiid spiders. With an appendix on their internal anatomy by J. Millot. Proceedings of Zoological Society of London 102(4): 1015-1057.

Bristowe, W. S. (1938). A supplementary note on the liphistiid spiders. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (series B) 108: 661-662.

Bristowe, W. S. (1975). An interesting spider found in Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 26: 166-167.

Fea, L. (1897). Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine (LXXVI). Riassunto generale dei risultati zoologici. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (serie 2) 17: 385-658.

Gravely, F. H. (1915). Notes on Indian mygalomorph spiders. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta 11: 257-287.

Haupt, J. (1983). Vergleichende Morphologie der Genitalorgane und Phylogenie der liphistiomorphen Webspinnen (Araneae: Mesothelae). I. Revision der bisher bekannten Arten. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 21(4): 275-293. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0469.1983.tb00296.x

Platnick, N. I. and Sedgwick, W. C. (1984). A revision of the spider genus Liphistius (Araneae, Mesothelae). American Museum Novitates 2781: 1-31.

Pocock, Reginald I. (1900). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Arachnida. Taylor and Francis, London, 279 pp. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48423

Schwendinger, P. J. (1990). On the spider genus Liphistius (Araneae: Mesothelae) in Thailand and Burma. Zoologica Scripta 19: 331-351.

Schwendinger, P. J., Huber, S., Lehmann-Graber, C., Ono, H., Aung, M. M. and Hongpadharakiree, K. (2022). A taxonomic revision of the Liphistius birmanicus-group (Araneae: Liphistiidae) with the description of five new species. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 129(2): 375-424.

Xu, X., Yu, L., Aung, K. P. P., Yu, L., Liu, F. X., Lwin, W. W., Sang, M. Z. and Li, D. Q. (2021). A new species of Liphistius from Myanmar and description of the actual male of L. birmanicus Thorell, 1897 (Araneae, Mesothelae, Liphistiidae). ZooKeys 1031: 41-58.


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