Prosobonia leucoptera Gmelin, 1789:678

White-winged sandpiper, Tahitian sandpiper



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Tringa leucoptera Gmelin, 1789:678


Conservation Status


Last record: 11 October 1777 (Hume & Walters, 2012:130)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Tahiti, French Polynesia


Biology & Ecology




Syntype: [url=]RMNH 87556[/url]






Original scientific description:

Gmelin, Johann Friedrich. (1789). [description of Prosobonia leucoptera]. Systema Naturae 1, part 2, p. 678.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Prosobonia leucoptera. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 21 May 2013.

BirdLife International. (2016). Prosobonia leucoptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22693330A93396439. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Day D. 1981. The Doomsday Book of Animals. A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York: Wiley. 288 pp.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.

Hayman P, Marchant J, Prater T. 1986. Shorebirds. An Identification Guide to the Waders of the World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 412 pp.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Iredale, Tom. (1938). William Anderson – ornithologist. Emu 38: 60-62.

Jansen, Justin J. F. J., Kamminga, Pepijn and Argeloo, Marc. (2021a). Taxonomic implications of the original illustrations of Prosobonia from Tahiti and Moorea made during the second and third Cook expeditions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 141(2): 133-141.

Jansen, Justin J. F. J., Kamminga, Pepijn and Argeloo, Marc. (2021b). The history of the sole surviving mount of Tahiti Sandpiper Prosobonia leucoptera. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 141(2): 127-132.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292. [p. 132]

Latham, J. A. (1785). General synopsis of birds. London: Leigh and Sotheby.

Lichtenstein, M. H. C. (1844). Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad maris Australis terras per annos 1772-1774 suscepto collegit observavit et delineavit Ioannes Reinoldus Forster. Berlin, Germany.

Lysaght, A. (1959). Some eighteenth century bird paintings in the library of Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Historical series 1(6): 253-371.

Matthiessen, P. (1973). The Wind Birds. New York: Viking. 160 pp.

Vanesa L. De Pietri, Trevor H. Worthy, R. Paul Scofield, Theresa L. Cole, Jamie R. Wood, Kieren J. Mitchell, Alice Cibois, Justin J. F. J. Jansen, Alan J. Cooper, Shaohong Feng, Wanjun Chen, Alan J. D. Tennyson & Graham M. Wragg. (2020). A new extinct species of Polynesian sandpiper (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae: Prosobonia) from Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group, and the phylogenetic relationships of Prosobonia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Pratt, H. D.; Bruner, P. L.; Berrett, D. G. 1987. A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Stresemann, E. (1950). Birds collected during Capt. James Cook's last expedition 1776-1780. Auk 67(1): 66-88.

Walters, Michael. (1991). Prosobonia ellisi, an extinct species of sandpiper from Moorea, Society Islands. Bolletino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino 9: 217-226.

Walters, M. (1994) Birds' Eggs. London: Dorling Kindersley.

Zusi, R. L. and Jehl, J. R. (1970). The systematic relationships of Aechmorhynchus, Prosobonia and Phegornis (Charadriiformes; Charadrii). The Auk 87: 760-780.


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