Prosobonia cancellata Gmelin, 1789

Christmas sandpiper, Kiritimati sandpiper



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aechmorhynchus cancellatus Gmelin, 1789


Conservation Status


Last record: January 1778; 1850 (BirdLife International, 2017)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Kiritimati (= Christmas Island), Kiribati


Biology & Ecology




Only known from the holotype.






Original scientific description:

Gmelin, J.F. (1789). Aves Anseres. Tome I. Pars II. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae. 1(2): 501-1032.

Other references:

BirdLife International. (2014). Prosobonia cancellata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. ( Downloaded on 26 July 2014.

BirdLife International. (2017). Prosobonia cancellata (amended version of 2016 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T62289108A119208101. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International.

Jansen, J. J. F. J. and Cibois, Alice. (2020). Clarifying the morphology of the enigmatic Kiritimati sandpiper Prosobonia cancellata (J. F. Gmelin, 1785), based on a review of the contemporary data. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 140: 142-146.

Vanesa L. De Pietri, Trevor H. Worthy, R. Paul Scofield, Theresa L. Cole, Jamie R. Wood, Kieren J. Mitchell, Alice Cibois, Justin J. F. J. Jansen, Alan J. Cooper, Shaohong Feng, Wanjun Chen, Alan J. D. Tennyson & Graham M. Wragg. (2020). A new extinct species of Polynesian sandpiper (Charadriiformes: Scolopacidae: Prosobonia) from Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group, and the phylogenetic relationships of Prosobonia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Walters, Michael P. (1993). On the status of the Christmas Island sandpiper, Aechmorhynchus cancellatus. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 113: 97-102.


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