Pinguinus impennis Linnaeus, 1758:130

Great auk



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alca impennis Linnaeus, 1758:130; Plautus impennis Brunnich, 1772; Alca borealis Forster, 1817; Penguin impennis Linnaeus, 1758:130 (orthographic error; used by Figueiredo et al., 2018)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1830 or 1844; 1852 (BirdLife International, 2016)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Atlantic Ocean


Biology & Ecology




RMNH 110.104 (adult)






Original scientific description:

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Extinct, tv show, season 1, episode 4, "The Great Auk", originally aired 16 October 2001, see here: 



Dale Serjeantson provided me with a copy of her 2001 paper, from which I gleaned much information including several valuable references. She also gave me the citation for (Maltby & Hamilton-Dyer, 2013) which had not been published yet.


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