Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris (Lowe, 1921:110)

Steppe whimbrel



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Africa & Asia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lowe, P. R. 1921. [Exhibition and description of a new subspecies of Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris) from Portuguese East Africa.] Bull. Br. Ornithol. Cl. 41: 110.


Other references:

Allport, G. A. (2017). Steppe Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris at Maputo, Mozambique, in February–March 2016, with a review of the status of the taxon. The Bulletin of the African Bird Club 24(1): 26-37.

Allport, G. A. (n.d.). Working paper: Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus observations in Inhambane, Mozambique, 3rd August 2017 including three birds showing characters of Steppe Whimbrel N. p. alboaxillaris. Unpublished.

Allport, G.A., P.W. Atkinson, M. Carvalho, N.A. Clark & R.E. Green. Local site use and first northbound migration track of non-breeding Steppe Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris (Lowe 1921). Wader Study 125(3): 219-227.

Allport, G. and Cohen, C. (2016). Finding Steppe Whimbrel: discovery and identification in southern Africa.  African Birdlife 4(6):48-54 

Campbell, Oscar, Lloyd, Simon and Allport, Gary. (2022). A record of juvenile Steppe Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris from the United Arab Emirates. Sandgrouse 44: 398-409.

Cramp, S. and Simmons, K. E. L. (eds.). (1983). The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 3. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.


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