Larus relictus Lönnberg, 1931

Relict gull



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1931?

Rediscovered in 1968

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lönnberg, E. (1931). A remarkable gull from the Gobi Desert. Arkiv. fur Zool. 23B: 1-5.

Other references:

BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2016. Larus relictus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22694447A93453868. Downloaded on 12 March 2017.

Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: eastern China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, eastern Russia. Christopher Helm, London.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Gavrilov, Edward I. and Gavrilov, Andrey E. (2000). Possible ringing recoveries of Relict Gull in Bulgaria and Turkey. Dutch Birding 22(4): 219-221.

He Fen-qi; Ren Yong-qi. 2006. Alternative choosing of breeding sites of those Ordos Relict Gulls. China Nature 4: 16-17.

He Fen-qi; Xing Xiao-jun; Ala Tungbao; Ren Yong-qi. 2005. Impact of climate charge to the breeding colonies of the Relict Gull. In: Li Dian-mo and Xu Ru-mei (eds), Species Endangerment and Conservation, pp. 291-309. Science Press, Beijing.

Rose, P. M.; Scott, D. A. 1997. Waterfowl population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Rubini, B.; Berezovikov, N. N. 2002. The fluctuation of breeding numbers of Relict Gull Larus relictus on Lake Alakol (SE Kazakhstan): a review of surveys from 1968 to 2001. Acrocephalus 23(115): 185-188.

Tchebakova, N. M.; Parfenova, E.; Soya, A. J. 2009. The effects of climate, permafrost and fire on vegetation change in Siberia in a changing climate. Environmental Ressearch Letters 4.

Wetland International - China Office. 2006. Relict Gull surveys in Hongjianao, Shaanxi Province. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 15(2): 29.

Yang Liu; Holt, P. I.; Jin-yu Lei; Yu Zhang; Zheng-wang Zhang. 2006. Distribution, numbers and age structure of Relict Gull Larus relictus in Bohai Bay, China. Waterbirds 29(3): 375-380.


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