Salacia malabarica Gamble (1916:133)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing (Nayar & Sastry, 1987:119; Rao et al., 2003:30; Sivaraj et al., 2020:39) or Extinct (Humphreys et al., 2019) or Rediscovered [by implication] (Nandikar, 2021)

Last record: 25 November 1893 (Jadhav et al., 2016:128) or later


Although considered missing or extinct (see above citations), Nandikar (2021) included a colour photo of a flowering specimen indicating that the species has recently been encountered in the wild (assuming correct ID), and thus qualifying it for rediscovery by implication (as it was not explicitly stated in the paper).



India (& Bangladesh?)


Biology & Ecology










Henry, A. N., Vivekananthan, K. and Nair, N. C. (1978). Rare and Threatened Flowering Plants of South India. The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 75: 684-697 [687].

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Jadhav, Durga C., Prabhugaonkar, Ashish V. and Nandikar, Mayur D. (2016). Nomenclature notes on the genus Salacia L. (Celastraceae) in India. Phytotaxa 265(2): 121-130.

Nandikar, Mayur Dhondiram. (2021). The genus Salacia (Celastraceae: Salaciodeae) in peninsular India. Webbia: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography 76(2): 167-193.

Nayar, M. P. and Sastry, A. R. K. (compilers). (1987, reprinted 2000). Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Volume 1. Calcutta: Botanical Survey of India. xiii + 367 pp, 16 pls, figs. [pp. 119]

Rao, C. Kameswara, Geetha, B. L. and Suresh, Geetha. (2003). Red List of Threatened Vascular Plant Species in India: Compiled from the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. ENVIS Centre on Floral Diversity, Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. xxiv + 144 pp. [automatic download]

Sarder, N. U. and Hassan, M. A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Sivaraj, N., Venkateswaran, Kamala, Pandravada, S. R., Reddy, M. Thirupathi Reddy and Rajasekharan, P. E. (2020). Threatened Medicinal Plants of Eastern Ghats and Their ConservationThreatened Medicinal Plants of Eastern Ghats and Their Conservation, pp. 31-62. In: Rajasekharan, P. E. and Wani, Shabir Hussain (eds.). Conservation and Utilization of Threatened Medicinal Plants. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. xviii + 565 pp.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.


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