Gymnogyps californianus amplus Miller, 1911



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Gymnogyps amplus Miller, 1911


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



California, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, L. H. (1911). A series of eagle tarsi from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull. Depart. Geol. 6: 305-316.


Miller, L. (1911). Additions to the avifauna of the Pleistocene deposits at Fossil Lake, Oregon. Univ. California Publ. Geol., 6: 79-87.


Other references:

Casto, S. D. (2002). Extinct and extirpated birds of Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society 35: 17-24.

Fisher, Harvey L. (1944). The skulls of the Cathartid vultures. Condor 46(6): 272-296.

Fisher, Harvey L. (1947). The skeletons of recent and fossil Gymnogyps. Pacific Sci. 1: 227-236. 

Howard, Hildegarde. (1947). A preliminary survey of trends in avian evolution from Pleistocene to recent time. Condor 49(1): 10-13.

Howard, Hildegarde. (1962). Bird Remains from a Prehistoric Cave Deposit in Grant County, New Mexico. Condor 64(3): 241-242.

McCoy, John J. (1963). The fossil avifauna of Itchtucknee River, Florida. The Auk 80(3): 335-351.

Miranda, Melissa. (2023). Estimating historic ranges of extinct scavenging birds in North America during the Late Pleistocene: using co-occurrence data from the fossil record. MSc essay, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Syverson, Valerie J. (2007). Evolutionary Patterns in Pleistocene to Recent California Condors. Geological Society of America 39(6). [Abstract]


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