Conophytum semivestitum L.Bolus (1937:94)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Missing (Young et al., 2016; cf. Young et al., 2021) or Extinct (Hilton-Taylor, 1996; Victor, 2002; Raimondo et al., 2009; Humphreys et al., 2019; POWO, 2024)

Last record: 1930's (Young et al., 2016, 2021)



Bushmanland, Northern Cape Province, South Africa


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Bolus, H. M. L. (1936-1958). Notes on Mesembryanthemum and allied genera Part III. University of Cape Town, Bolus Herbarium, Cape Town.


Other references:

Christenhusz, M. and Govaerts, R. (2023). Uitgestorven. Op plantenjacht rond de wereld: 1-511. Sterck & De Vreese.

Germishuizen, G. and Meyer, N. L. (eds.). (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Hammer, S. (2002). Dumpling and his wife: New view of the genus Conophytum. EAE Creative Colour, Norwich.

Hammer, S. A. (1993). The genus Conophytum: A conograph. Succulent Plant Publications, Pretoria.

Hilton-Taylor, C. (1996). Red data list of southern African plants. Strelitzia 4. South African National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Le Roux, Johannes J., Hui, C., Castillo, M. L., Iriondo, J. M., Keet, J.-H., Khapugin, A. A., Médail, F., Rejmánek, M., Theron, G. Yannelli, F. A. and Hirsch, H. (2019). Recent Anthropogenic Plant Extinctions Differ in Biodiversity Hotspots and Coldspots. Current Biology 29(17): 2912-2918.e2.

POWO. (2024). Conophytum semivestitum L.Bolus. Plants of the World Online (online resource). Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom. Available at: [Accessed 30 March 2024]

Raimondo, D., von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J. E., Helme, N. A., Turner, R. C., Kamundi, D. A. and Manyama, P. A. (2009). Red List of South African Plants. Strelitzia 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

Victor, J. E. (2002). South Africa. In: Golding, J. S. (ed.). Southern African plant Red Data Lists. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 14 (pp. 93-120), SABONET, Pretoria.

Walter, Kerry S. and Gillett, Harriet J. (eds.). (1998). 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK: IUCN – The World Conservation Union. lxiv + 862 pp.

Young, A. J. and von Staden, L. (2016). Conophytum semivestitum L.Bolus. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2017/05/30.

Young, A. J. and von Staden, L. (2021). Conophytum semivestitum L.Bolus. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version. Accessed on 2024/03/30.


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