Prionailurus planiceps (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827)

Flat-headed cat



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1985

Rediscovered in 1995

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Borneo & Thailand


Biology & Ecology










Anonymous. 1996. Marbled, golden and flat-heaed cats photographed in Sumatra. Cat News 25: 19-20.

Bezuijen, M. 2003. The flat-headed cat in the Merang river region of south Sumatra. Cat News 38: 26-27.

Bezuijen, M.R. 2000. The occurrence of the flat-headed cat Prionailurus planiceps in south-east Sumatra. Oryx 34: 222-226.

Dugan, P. 1993. Wetlands in Danger: Conservation Atlas. Mitchell Beazley and IUCN, London, UK.

Johnson, W.E., Eizirik, E., Pecon-Slattery, J., Murphy, W.J., Antunes, A., Teeling, E. and O'Brien, S.J. 2006. The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment. Science 311: 73-77.

Meijaard, E., Sheil, D. and Daryono. 2005. Flat-headed cat record in east Kalimantan. Cat News 43: 24.

Miettinen, J., Shi, C. and Liew, S.C. 2011. Deforestation rates in insular Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2010. Global Change Biology 17(7): 2261-2270. DOI:10.111/j.1365-2486.2011.02398.x.

Mohamed, A., Samejima, H. and Wilting, A. 2009. Records of five Bornean cat species from Deramakot Forest Reserve in Sabah, Malaysia. Cat News 51: 12-15.

Muul, I. and Lim, B. L. 1970. Ecological and morphological observations of Felis planiceps. Journal of Mammalogy 51(4): 806.

Nowell, K. and Jackson, P. 1996. Wild Cats. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

O'Brien, S.J. and Johnson, W.E. 2007. The evolution of cats. Scientific American July: 68-75.

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87-94.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Sunquist, M. and Sunquist, F. 2002. Wild Cats of the World. University of Chicago Press.

Wadey, J. and Fletcher, C. 2014. First Photographic Evidence of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps) in Pasoh Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Conservation Science 7: 171-177.

Wahyudi, D. and Stuebing, R. 2013. Camera trapping as a conservation tool in a mixed-use landscape in East Kalimantan. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 1: 37-46.

Wilting, A., Brodie, J., Cheyne, S., Hearn, A., Lynam, A., Mathai, J., McCarthy, J., Meijaard, E., Mohamed, A., Ross, J., Sunarto, S. & Traeholt, C. 2015. Prionailurus planiceps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T18148A50662095. Downloaded on 15 February 2017.

Wilting, A., Cord, A., Hearn, A.J., Hesse, D., Mohamed, A., Traeholdt, C., Cheyne, S.M., Sunarto, S., Mohd-Azlan, J., Ross, J., Shapiro, A., Sebastian, A., Dech, S., Breitenmoser, C., Sanderson, J., Duckworth, J.W., and Hofer, H. 2010. Modelling the species distribution of Flat-headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an endangered South-East Asian small felid. PLoS ONE 5(3): e9612. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009612.

Yasuda, M., Matsubayashi, H., Rustam, Numata, S., Sukor, J.R.A. and Abu Bakar, S. 2007. Recent records by camera traps in Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Cat News 47: 14-16.


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