Panthera leo leo Linnaeus, 1758:41

Barbary lion, Atlas lion



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Panthera leo barbaricus (Meyer); Panthera leo barbarus (Fischer); Panthera leo leo (Allen); Panthera leo nigra (Loche)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1922 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973); 1942?

Taxonomically rediscovered (Kitchener et al., 2017).





Biology & Ecology




MCZ 39664 (skull minus lower jaw, several smaller bones; female?)






Original scientific description:

Linnaeus, Carolus. (1758). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis. Stockholm, Sweden.


Other references:

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Allen, J. A. (1924). Carnivora collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 47: 73-281.

Barazandeh, Marjan et al. (2024). The Addis Ababa Lions: Whole-Genome Sequencing of a Rare and Precious Population. Genome Biol. Evol. 16(2): evae021.

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Barnett, Ross et al. (2014). Revealing the maternal demographic history of Panthera leo using ancient DNA and a spatially explicit genealogical analysis. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 70.

Bertola, L. D., Miller, S. M., Williams, V. L., Naude, V. N., Coals, P., Dures, S. G., Henschel, P., Chege, M., Sogbohossou, E. A., Ndiaye, A., Kiki, M., Gaylard, A., Ikanda, D. K., Becker, M. S. and Lindsey, P. (2022). Genetic guidelines for translocations: Maintaining intraspecific diversity in the lion (Panthera leo). Evolutionary Applications 15: 22-39.

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Kitchener A. C., Breitenmoser-Würsten Ch., Eizirik E., Gentry A., Werdelin L., Wilting A., Yamaguchi N., Abramov A. V., Christiansen P., Driscoll C., Duckworth J. W., Johnson W., Luo S.-J., Meijaard E., O’Donoghue P., Sanderson J., Seymour K., Bruford M., Groves C., Hoffmann M., Nowell K., Timmons Z. & Tobe S. 2017. A revised taxonomy of the Felidae. The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. Cat News Special Issue 11: 80 pp.

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Rossi, L., Scuzzarella, C. M. and Angelici, F. M. (2020). Extinct or Perhaps Surviving Relict Populations of Big Cats: Their Controversial Stories and Implications for Conservation, pp. 393-417. In: Angelici F., Rossi L. (eds.). Problematic Wildlife II. Cham: Springer.

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Yamaguchi, N. and Haddane, B. (2002). The North African Barbary lion and the Atlas Lion Project. International Zoo News 49: 465-481.


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