Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman, 1956

Iraq smooth-coated otter, Maxwell's otter



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status






Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hayman, R. W. (1956). A new race of the Indian smooth-coated otter from Iraq. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 12, 9 (106): 710-712.


Other references:

Al-Sheikhly, Omar F., Gutleb , B. and Mousavi , S.B. (2021). A Rare Photographic Record of a Group of Smooth-Coated Otters Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli in Hawr Ol-Azim Wetland in Southwestern Iran with Notes on their Social and Foraging Behavior. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 38(3): 129-132.

Al-Sheikhly, Omar F., Haba, M. K., Mousavi, S. B. and Yoxon, G. M. (2020). A preliminary population estimate of the vulnerable Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli (Hayman 1956) in the Hawizeh Marsh in southeastern Iraq with confirmed occurrence in the Hoor ol-Azim Wetland in southwestern Iran. Otter 2020: 78-93.

Al-Sheikhly, Omar F. and Nader, Iyad A. (2013). The status of Iraq smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman 1956 and Eurasian otter Lutra lutra Linneaus 1758 in Iraq. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 30(1): 18-30.


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