Lutrogale cretensis Symeonidis & Sondaar, 1975

Cretan otter



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



Crete, Greece


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Symeonidis, N. and Sondaar, P. Y. (1975). A new otter from the Pleistocene of Crete. Ann. Geol. Pays Hellen. 27: 11-24.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Cherin, Marco, Lurino, Dawid Adam, Willemsen, Gerard and Carnevale, Giorgio. (2016). A new otter from the Early Pleistocene of Pantalla (Italy), with remarks on the evolutionary history of Mediterranean Quaternary Lutrinae (Carnivora, Mustelidae). Quaternary Science Reviews 135: 92-102. [Abstract]

Sondaar, P. Y. (1977). Insularity and its effects on tnammals evolution. In Hecht M.K., Goody  P.C., Hecht B.M. (eds.): Ma.jor patterns in vcrtebrate evolution. Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). In the shadow of the megafauna: prehistoric mammal and bird extinctions across the Holocene, pp. 17-39. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Willemsen, G. F. (1980). Comparative study of the functional morphology of some Lutrinae, especially Lutru lutru, Lutrogale perspicillutu and the Pleistocene Isolalutra cretensis. I-11. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., B, 83: 289-326.

Willemsen, G. F. (1992). A revision of Pliocene and Quaternary Lutrinae from Europe. Scripta Geol., 101: 1-115.

Willemsen. G. F. (1996). The Cretan otter Lutrogale cretensis. In: Reese D.S. (ed.), Pleistocene and Holocene fauna of Crete and its first settlers. Monographs in World Archaeology 28: 153-157.


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