Hyaena brunnea makapani Toerien, 1952:293



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hyaena makapani Toerien, 1952:293; Parahyaena brunnea makapani Toerien, 1952:293


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



South Africa


Biology & Ecology




Type locality: Makapansgat, Transvaal.






Original scientific description:

Toerien, M. J. (1952). The fossil hyenas of the Makapansgat Valley. South African Journal of Science 48: 293-300.


Other references:

Boshoff, P. (2003). A New Specimen of Hyaena makapani (Carnivora: Hyaenidae) from the Plio/Pleistocene Fossil Locality of Bolts Farm. Vicinity Sterkfontein (District Krugersdorp) Gauteng. Unpublished BSc Honours project Report, University of Witwatersrand.

Mills, M.G.L. and Hofer, H. (compilers). (1998). Hyaenas. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Hyaena Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vi + 154 pp.

Werdelin, Lars and Lewis, Margaret E. (2005). Plio-Pleistocene Carnivora of eastern Africa: species richness and turnover patterns. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 144(2): 121-144. [Abstract]


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