Crocuta ultima ussurica Baryshnikov & Vereshchagin, 1996



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Baryshnikov G. F. and Vereshchagin, N. (1996). A brief review of Quaternary hyenas (Hyaenidae) of Russia and adjoining regions. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta RAN, 270: 7-65. [In Russian with English summary]


Other references:

Baryshnikov G. F. (1999). Chronological and geographical variability of Crocuta spelaea (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the Pleistocene of Russia. Deinsea 6: 155-174.

Baryshnikov, G. F. (2014). Late Pleistocene hyena Crocuta ultima ussurica (Mammalia, Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the Paleolithic site in Geographical Society Cave in the Russian Far East. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS 318(3): 197-225.

Rivals, Florent et al. (2022). Diet and ecological niches of the Late Pleistocene hyenas Crocuta spelaea and C. ultima ussurica based on a study of tooth microwear. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 601: 111125.

Rohland N., Pollack J.L., Nagel D., Beauval C., Airvaux, J., Pääbo, S. and Hofreiter, M. (2005). The population history of extant and extinct hyenas. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22(12): 2435-2443.


<< Back to the Carnivora database