Conepatus leuconotus telmalestes Bailey, 1905:203

Big-Thicket hog nosed skunk, Swamp hog-nosed skunk, White-backed skunk



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Conepatus mesoleucus telmalestes Bailey, 1905:203


Conservation Status

Extinct (Schmidly & Bradley 2016; Schmidly et al., 2022)

Last record: 1905 (Dragoo & Sheffield, 2009:6)



Big-Thicket, Hardin & Liberty counties, Texas (eastern), USA

Type locality: Big Thicket, 7 miles northeast of Sour Lake, Hardin County, Texas (Schmidly et al., 2023:43)


Biology & Ecology




USNM 135098

USNM 136549

USNM 136550

USNM 136551

USNM 136533

USNM 136771

USNM 136772

USNM 136989

USNM 136990

USNM 140358

USNM 140359

USNM 140360






Original scientific description:

Bailey, V. E. (1905). Biological survey of Texas. North American Fauna 25: 1-222.


Other references:

Cuarón, A. D., Reid, F. and Helgen, K. (2008). Conepatus leuconotus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41632A10523996. Downloaded on 26 January 2016.

Dragoo, J. W., Honeycutt, R. L. and Schmidly, D. J. (2003). Taxonomic status of white-backed hog-nosed skunks, genus Conepatus (Carnivora: Mephitidae). Journal of Mammalogy 84: 159-176.

Dragoo, Jerry W. and Sheffield, Steven R. (2009). Conepatus leuconotus (Carnivora: Mephitidae). Mammalian Species 827: 1-8.

Meaney, C. A., Ruggles, A. K. and Beauvais, G. P. (2006). American Hog-nosed Skunk (Conepatus leuconotus): a technical conservation assessment. Available at:

Schmidly, David J. (1983). Texas mammals east of the Balcones Fault. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX.

Schmidly, David J. and Bradley, Robert D. (2016). The Mammals of Texas. University of Texas Press.

Schmidly, David J., Bradley, Robert D. and Bradley, Lisa C. (2022). Texas Natural History in the 21st Century. Lubbock: Texas Tech Press.

Schmidly, David J., Bradley, Robert D., Bradley, Lisa C. and Yancey, Franklin D. II (eds.). (2023). Taxonomic Catalogs for the Recent Terrestrial Vertebrates (Species and Subspecies) Described from Texas. Special Publications of the Museum of Texas Tech University 77: iii + 385 pp.

Schreiber, A., Wirth, R., Riffel, M. and Van Rompaey, H. (1989). Weasels, Civets, Mongooses, and their Relatives: An Action Plan for the Conservation of Mustelids and Viverrids. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 99 pp.


<< Back to the Carnivora database