Canis lupus spelaeus Goldfuss, 1823

Cave wolf, Don wolf (as C. l. brevis)




Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Canis lupus brevis (Kuzmina, 1994)


Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Goldfuss, G. A. (1823). "5-Ueber den Hölenwolf (Canis spelaeus) (About the Cave wolf)". Osteologische Beiträge zur Kenntniss verschiedener Säugethiere der Vorwelt (Osteological contributions to different knowledge Beast of the ancients). 3. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiea Caesarae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum. pp. 451-455.


Other references:

Kuzmina, I. E. and Sablin, M. V. (1994). Wolf Canis lupus L. from the Late Paleolithic sites Kostenki on the Don River. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta (256): 44-58. [In Russian]

Marciszak, Adrian, Gornig, Wiktoria and Kropczyk, Aleksandra. (2021). Radochowska Cave (Sudety Mts, SW Poland) – one of the European caves with a bear cult?, pp. 62-63. In: Ratajczak-Skrzatek U., Kovalchuk O., Stefaniak K. (eds.). Proceedings of INQUA SEQS 2021 Conference, Wrocław, Poland. University of Wrocław & Polish Geological Society. 119 pp.