Canis lupus nubilus Say in Long, 1823:169

Great Plains lobo wolf, Buffalo wolf, Appalachian gray wolf, Timber wolf



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Canis nubilis Say, 1823; Canis mexicanus nubilus Say, 1823


Conservation Status

Last record: 1926 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973); c.1926 (Day, 1981)




Texas, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Say, T. (1823). Account of an expedition . . under the command of Maj. S. H. Long (E. James, compiler). Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, London, vol. 1, 503 pp., vol. 2, 442 pp. 

Other references:

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Genoways, Hugh G. (2021). Holocene Records of Nebraska Mammals. Zea Books. 89 pp.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Mech, L. David. (1974). Canis lupus. Mammalian Species 37: 1-6, 5 figs.

Osborn, Herbert F. (1905). The Recently Extinct and Vanishing Animals of Iowa. The Annals of Iowa 6(8): 561-570.

Rhoads, 1894, American Naturalist, 28: 524.

Rhoads, Samuel N. (1903). The Mammals of Pennsylvania and New Jersey... Philadelphia: Self published. [pp. 148-156]


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