Tulotoma magnifica Conrad, 1834

Alabama live-bearing snail, tulotoma



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Paludina magnifica Conrad, 1834


Conservation Status

Last record: 1981 or prior

Rediscovered in 1988/9

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Coosa-Alabama River System


Biology & Ecology










Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bogan, A.E. (Mollusc Specialist Group). 2000. Tulotoma magnifica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2000: e.T22444A9373341. Downloaded on 11 December 2016.

De Vries, Dennis R. et al. (2003). Distribution, Habitat Use, and Genetics of Tulotoma magnifica (Gastropoda: Viviparidae). Southeastern Naturalist 2(1): 35-58. [Abstract]

Garner, Jeffrey T. et al. (2016). Use of side-scan sonar to locate Tulotoma magnifica (Conrad, 1834) (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) in the Alabama River. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation 19: 51-55.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Hershler, R., J.M. Pierson, and R.S. Krotzer. (1990). Rediscovery of Tulotoma magnifica (Conrad) (Gastropoda: Viviparidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 103(4): 815-824.

Hilton-Taylor, C. 2000. 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Johnson, P.D., Bogan, A.E., Brown, K.M., Burkhead, N.M., Cordeiro, J.R., Garner, J.T., Hartfield, P.D., Lepitzki, D.A.W., Mackie, G.L., Pip, E., Tarpley, T.A., Tiemann, J.S., Whelan, N.V. and Strong, E.E. 2013. Conservation Status of Freshwater Gastropods of Canada and the United States. Fisheries 38(6): 247-282.


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