Littoraria flammea Philippi, 1847

Flamed periwinkle



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: c.1855

Rediscovered in 2014?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Shangai, China


Biology & Ecology










Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bouchet, P. (1996). Littoraria flammea. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 18 July 2013.

Bouchet, P. 1996. Littoraria flammea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T12242A3329078. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Cowie, Robert H., Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît, and Bouchet, Philippe. (2017). Measuring the Sixth Extinction: what do mollusks tell us? The Nautilus 131(1): 3-41.

Dong, Yunwei et al. (2015). Rediscovery of one of the very few ‘unequivocally extinct’ species of marine molluscs: Littoraria flammea (Philippi, 1847) lost, found—and lost again? Journal of Molluscan Studies 81: 313-321.[Abstract]

Régnier, Claire, Fontaine, Benoît and Bouchet, Philippe. (2009). Not Knowing, Not Recording, Not Listing: Numerous Unnoticed Mollusk Extinctions. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1214-1221.


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